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ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-80

Alcohol use and abuse among medical and surgical in-patients in a general hospital


Military Hospital Port Harcourt, P. O. Box 8869, Shomolu, Lagos State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
G T Okulate
Military Hospital Port Harcourt, P. O. Box 8869, Shomolu, Lagos State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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OBJECTIVE: Non-recognition of alcohol problems in medical and surgical patients may have adverse consequences. This may be minimised by having a high index of suspicion and the use of screening instruments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Items from two alcohol abuse screening instruments (CAGE and Patient Health Questionnaire) were administered on medical and surgical in-patients in a general hospital during a one-year period, to determine the prevalence of alcohol use and abuse. RESULTS: The prevalence of alcohol use was 49.8% and for alcohol abuse 14.8%. Paternal alcohol use and cigarette smoking were found to be good indicators of alcohol abuse. CONCLUSION: Detailed inquiry about alcohol use, looking for indices of cigarette smoking and routine use of screening instruments should assist in discovering many patients with alcohol abuse who probably would have denied having the problem.


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