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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 163-165

HIV seropositivity and related eye diseases in Uith, Ilorin

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F G Adepoju
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Ilorin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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INTRODUCTION: HIV is assuming an alarming pandemic worldwide and presently in Nigeria it is a source of concern to all and sundry. AIM: To review the demography of cases positive for HIV in the eye clinic over a 5-year period and to identify ocular diseases that have high predictive value for HIV. METHODS: A retrospective study of all the patients that were screened for HIV in the eye clinic over a 5-year period was done. Screening was by ELISA method with confirmation by Western blot test. RESULTS: A total of 60 patients were screened and 26 (43.3%) of them were HIV positive. The male to female ratio of HIV positive patients was 1:1. All the seropositive patients were between the ages of 20-49 years and about a third were students from the higher institutions. Half of the patients were single. Diagnoses with high predictive values were Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus (62%), Steven Johnson syndrome (50%), HIV retinopathy (75%), Bilateral Unresolving Toxoplasmosis (42%). The common presentations however are Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus (HZO) and unresolving bilateral Uveitis. CONCLUSION: HIV and ocular involvement is increasing in Ilorin. The high-risk groups among patients presenting to the hospital are students of higher institutions and Soldiers. Diseases of high predictive indices are Herpes zoster Ophthalmicus, Steven Johnson's syndrome, HIV retinopathy.

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