Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 722
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 325-329

Factors influencing non-compliance with anti-hypertensive drug therapy in Nigerians

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos

Correspondence Address:
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: Non-compliance with antihypertensive drug therapy can have a negative impact on cardiovascular outcome. The objective of this study was to determine compliance rate with anti-hypertensive therapy and factors affecting compliance among patients attending a Nigerian tertiary hospital. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on 225 black hypertensive patients attending a tertiary clinic in Lagos, Nigeria. Demographic data, current anti-hypertensive therapy, compliance with prescribed therapy, factors affecting compliance and BP were documented via an investigator administered questionnaire and open-ended interviews. RESULTS: In this study, 77(34.2%) of the hypertensive patients were non-compliant. Blood pressure control was significantly better among compliant patients (45.9%) than in non-compliant patients (27.3%) (x(2) = 7.35 p=0.007). Gender, age, number of drugs used, educational level and presence of co-morbidities did not affect compliance. The major reasons for non-compliance were miscellaneous factors (60%) related to both patient's attitudes and beliefs (reflecting ignorance),and consultation failure on the part of clinicians. Lack of finances and side effects of medications accounted for 23.8% and 16.2% of non-compliances respectively. CONCLUSION: Although lack of finances is the single most self reported reason, miscellaneous factors related to patients' attitudes and belief contribute frequently. Incorporating patient education and counselling in routine follow-up may improve compliance, BP control, and ultimately impact positively on cardiovascular outcome.

[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal