Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 1870
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116-119

Refractive errors in Mercyland Specialist Hospital, Osogbo, Western Nigeria

Department of Ophthalmology, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital Osogbo, College of Health Sciences, Osogbo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C O Adeoti
Department of Ophthalmology, LAUTECH Teaching Hospital Osogbo, College of Health Sciences, Osogbo
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to determine the magnitude and pattern of refractive errors in order to provide facilities for its management. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A prospective study of 3601 eyes of 1824 consective patients was conducted. Information obtained included age, sex, occupation, visual acuity, type and degree of refractive error. The data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 11.0 version) Computer Software. RESULTS: Refractive error was found in 1824(53.71%) patients. There were 832(45.61%) males and 992(54.39%) females with a mean age of 35.55. Myopia was the commonest (1412(39.21% eyes). Others include hypermetropia (840(23.33% eyes), astigmatism (785(21.80%) and 820 patients (1640 eyes) had presbyopia. Anisometropia was present in 791(44.51%) of 1777 patients that had bilateral refractive errors. Two thousand two hundred and fifty two eyes has spherical errors. Out of 2252 eyes with spherical errors, 1308 eyes (58.08%) had errors -0.50 to +0.50 dioptres, 567 eyes (25.18%) had errors less than -0.50 dioptres of whom 63 eyes (2.80%) had errors less than -5.00 dioptres while 377 eyes (16.74%) had errors greater than +0.50 dioptres of whom 81 eyes (3.60%) had errors greater than +2.00 dioptres. The highest error was 20.00 dioptres for myopia and 18.00 dioptres for hypermetropia. CONCLUSION: Refractive error is common in this environment. Adequate provision should be made for its correction bearing in mind the common types and degrees.

[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal