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ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 126-129

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings in Nigerians: a review of 170 cases in Lagos


Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Satellite Town, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C A Onyekwere
Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Satellite Town, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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BACKGROUND: The advent of flexible endoscopy has made it possible to visualise the mucosa of virtually the entire intestine. This service is yet to be widely available in Nigeria. Existing reports on indications and findings at endoscopies are sometimes conflicting, with some recent reports suggesting a changing pattern of gastrointestinal diseases. OBJECTIVE: The study set out to evaluate the indications, endoscopic findings and their frequencies as well as any adverse outcome from the endoscopic examinations. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study in which we reviewed the endoscopy records of the first one hundred and seventy patients that underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital. The patients' bio data, indications and findings during endoscopic examinations as well as any adverse outcome were documented. Data obtained were analysed using SPSS version 11. RESULTS: The majority of the patients were in the middle to elderly age with a peak in the 5th decade. The commonest indications for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were; Dyspepsia, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, previously diagnosed peptic ulcer unresponsive to treatment and retrosternal discomfort or pain. Endoscopic request for variceal screening were uncommon. The commonest endoscopic findings were; features of gastroesophageal reflux disease, followed by gastroduodenitis (non-ulcer mucosal lesions in stomach and duodenum) and peptic ulcer disease. In 14 patients the endoscopy examination revealed normal findings. CONCLUSION: The role of endoscopy in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal disorders cannot be overemphasised. It is hereby recommended that provision of endoscopic facilities and training of necessary personnel be encouraged by all relevant agencies so that the services can be accessible and affordable by all who require it in view of its importance in patient management.


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