Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 602
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 247-250

Causes and pattern of death in a tertiary health institution in South Western Nigeria


Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O Adekunle
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

OBJECTIVE: The study reviewed and analysed the causes and pattern of death among patients admitted to the Federal Medical Centre, Owo in the year 2004. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case note records of all patients that died on admission in the hospital for the year 2004 were reviewed. A total of 104 cases out of the 114 patients that died were reviewed. Total admission was 1819 for the year. RESULTS: Annual death rate was 6.3%. Overall, infectious causes of death was the most common (22.1%) ; this was followed by deaths from pregnancy and neonatal preterm related causes(18.3%) while deaths from neurological disorders (stroke, meningitis, and meningo-encephalitis among others) (17.3%); gastro-intestinal disorders(11.6%), respiratory disorders (10.6%) endocrine disorders (7.7%) and others followed in that order. In the medical wards cerebrovascular disease was the leading cause of death; in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, prolonged obstructed labour was the leading cause of death while Paediatrics and Surgery departments had preterm births and head injuries and multiple fractures as the leading causes of death respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Periodic review of hospital deaths could be important in knowing the changing pattern of mortality in our environment. In this study, improvement in the living condition of the citizens, use of potent antibiotics in treating infections and increased patronage of immunisation facilities as ways of control of infections is advocated.


[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed407    
    Printed7    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal