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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 130-135

Prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and its risk factors among adult men in a Nigerian community


1 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A I Olugbenga-Bello
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Oyo state
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aims and Objectives: This study assesses the prevalence of erectile dysfunction as well as its risk factors. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study among 650 adult males, aged between 18 and 70 years selected by multi-stage sampling technique. Data were obtained from respondents selected from 4 wards in Olorunda local government area of Osogbo in Osun state, Southwest, Nigeria, using pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires. Results: Majority of the respondents were between ages 20-29 years with mean age of 33.6 ΁ 13.4 years. Most of the respondents [547(91.2%)] were aware of ED and 63.4% of them said it can be treated. The prevalence of ED was 43.8% and factors such as increasing age (p=0.00), hypertension (p=0.000), diabetes mellitus (p=0.000), perineal surgery (p=0.000), alcohol consumption (p=0.000), and smoking (p=0.000) were found to be significantly associated with developing ED. Conclusion and Recommendation: The level of awareness about erectile dysfunction was high among respondents and the prevalence from this study was 43.8%. Factors associated with ED from this study included increasing age, alcohol consumption, hypertension, perineal injury and surgery. Hence, the risk of developing ED can be significantly reduced by educating men about life style modifications such as reduction in alcohol intake and smoking, as well as regular exercises.


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