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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-13

Assessment of tobacco control efforts in three Sub-Saharan African countries


1 Nigeria Tobacco Control Research Group College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Environment, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Akindele O Adebiyi
Tobacco Control Research Group, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_177_16

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Background: Tobacco industry’s undermining of tobacco control goes on unabated in sub-Saharan African countries, especially in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) contains provisions aimed at curbing these activities. However, the level to which FCTC is implemented and the strength of each country’s tobacco control law will determine its usefulness in this regard. We determined the implementation status and strength of tobacco control laws in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda. Materials and Methods: The World Health Organization and Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids websites were queried for secondary data related to tobacco control. Sources and data were disambiguated and reported as tables. Composite scores for implementation were computed based on the number of indicators of the articles of the FCTC reported on by each country. Strength of tobacco control law (SoTCL) was computed based on the total number of domains of the laws meeting a defined acceptable standard. Total obtainable score for implementation and SoTCL were 148 and 38, respectively. Results: On the FCTC, Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda achieved 75, 61.5, and 46.6% implementation, respectively. SoTCL was weakest in the smoke-free domain for Kenya, tobacco advertisement promotion and sponsorship domain for Nigeria, and packaging and labeling domain for Uganda. SoTCL scores were 18 (47.4%), 20 (52.6%), and 34 (89.5%) for Nigeria, Kenya, and Uganda, respectively. Conclusion: Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda will need to strengthen their tobacco control laws through appropriate amendment as well as regulatory mechanisms that guarantee alignment with FCTC and the implementation thereof.


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