D I Ukpong Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Nigeria
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Fifty five (55) patients consecutively booked for major elective surgery were assessed pre-operatively for minor psychiatric symptoms and baseline anxiety levels using the GHQ - 30 and the state version of the state - Trait Anxiety inventory (STAI). Measurements of post-operative anxiety levels were also done for the seven consecutive post-operative days using the STAl. The prevalence of minor psychiatric morbidity was 38%. Patients who were GHQ - 30 cases had higher pre-operative and post-operative anxiety levels than those who were not GHQ- 30 cases. Mean baseline pre-operative anxiety levels were not achieved even on the seventh post-operative day. Pre-operative and post-operative psychological interventions may have useful clinical implications for the anesthesiologist surgeon and psychiatrist as they may need to pay special attention to those identified as being at a greater risk for pre and post-operative anxiety.