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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-96

Chronic liver disease in Lagos: a clinicopathological study

Department of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O A Lesi
Department of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features and stage of chronic liver disease at presentation in Lagos. METHODS: Clinical features, hepatic functional reserve (Child-Pugh classification) and liver histopathology were evaluated in 74 patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 44.1 +/- 14yr and most (57, 67% ) were male. Ascites, hepatomegaly and jaundice were noted in 66%, 51%, 47% respectively. Hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis were seen in 35, 29, and 10 patients respectively. Significant impairment of hepatic functional reserve was noted in most of the patients with liver cirrhosis (76% ) and carcinoma (68% ). Hepatitis B and C infections were identified in 58% and 12% of the patients respectively. CONCLUSION: The majority of clinically identified patients with CLD had severe impairment of hepatic function with underlying advanced liver cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma at presentation. Viral hepatitis was associated with most CLD and thus is potentially preventable and treatable when detected early. Public enlightenment programmes on hepatitis, widespread implementation of HBV vaccination, and surveillance of individual at-risk are essential for the control of hepatitis infection and the early detection of compensated CLD.

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