Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 177
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-102

Tetanus: an analysis of the prognosticating factors of cases admitted into the medical wards of a tertiary hospital in a developing African country between 1990 and 2000


Department of Medicine, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O A Ogunrin
Department of Medicine, University of Benin, Benin City
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

This is an analysis of the effects of prognosticating factors on the outcome of patients with tetanus who were seen in our hospital between 1990 and 2000. Tetanus remains a major public health hazard associated with high mortality. A total of 66 cases were analysed with a slight female preponderance. The mortality rate was 26.2% with an age-adjusted fatality rate of 16.2% for those under 40 years of age. This increased to 75% for those patients above 70 years of age. The most common portal of entry was lower limb, specifically the foot, and this was the case in 56%. The socio-economic status of the patients, the immunisation status, the incubation period, the age of the patient, the severity of the spasms, the duration of hospital stay, the type of treatment received and the onset time were found to affect the outcome of the patients. We recommend that health care providers should take every opportunity to review the vaccination status of their parents and provide tetanus vaccine when indicated, and recall when treating injured patients that many middle-aged and older adults are not adequately immunised against tetanus.


[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed295    
    Printed5    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal