Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 683
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-25

Predisposing Factors to Neonatal Septicaemia at Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria Nigeria

1 Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Onalo
Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Objectives: The study aimed at identifying the risk factors for neonatal septicaemia in Zaria. Patients and methods: Consecutive newborns admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria with the presumptive diagnosis of neonatal septicaemia between 25th May, 2004 and 31st May, 2005 were studied. History of events in the antenatal and neonatal periods was obtained and physical examination was done. Blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid and swabs of body discharges were taken for culture and sensitivity studies. The data were analysed using Epi Info version 6 software. Associations were tested using Chi square, with Yates correction, or Fisher's exact tests where appropriate, while statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results: A total of 211 neonates, consisting of 69 in-born and 142 out-born infants were studied. There were 122 (57.8%) males and 89 (42.2%) females; giving a male: female ratio of 1.4:1. Seventy-five (35.5%) of the newborns had bacteriologically proven septicaemia consisting of 54 (38.0%) of the outborn and 21 (30.4%) of the inborn babies (p = 0.3535); 42 males and 33 females (p = 0.8011). The male: female ratio of newborns with culture-proven septicaemia was 1.2:1. The predisposing factors that were associated with culture-proven septicaemia were lack of antenatal care (p = 0.0234), prolonged rupture of membranes (p = 0.0085), prolonged labour (p = 0.0032), preterm delivery (p = 0.0125) and perinatal asphyxia (p = 0.0078). Conclusion: The risk factors in neonates with septicaemia in this study emphasise the need for timely improvement in the implementation of existing public health strategies.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded95    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal