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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-55

Prevalence of Hallux Valgus Among Youth Population in Lagos, Nigeria

1 Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

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OBA Owoeye
PMB 12003, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aims and objective: This study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of Hallux Valgus (HV) and related foot problems among the youth population in Lagos, Nigeria. Subjects and methods: A structured questionnaire was administered to 1, 200 subjects from 10 secondary schools and undergraduate students of the College of Medicine University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria. The participants were requested to provide information on demographic data, severity of HV, and the functional limitation imposed on the participants by HV. Nine hundred and seventy (970) of the 979 returned questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The prevalence of HV in this study was 15.4% of which 43.6% and 56.4% were male and female respectively. 36 (3.7%) out of total number of participants had bilateral HV (both feet), 57 (5.9%) and 56 (5.8%) had HV on left and right foot only respectively. Eighty four (25.2%) of the 333 (34.3%) subjects that complained of pain at the first metatarsophalangeal joint had HV. Inability to stand for long periods due to pain at the first metatarsophalangeal joint was reported by 90 (9.3%) participants, while 136 (14.0%) reported inability to walk long distances. Conclusion: Prevalence of HV among youths in Lagos, Nigeria is low. HV is more common among females and its prevalence increases with age. More attention should be focused on foot pain and deformities. Preventive measures and education on the HV deformity is advocated.

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