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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 223-227

Perioperative considerations in orthopaedic patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Review

Department of Surgery, State House Medical Centre, Aso Rock, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
D C Obalum
Department of Surgery, State House Medical Centre, Aso Rock, Abuja
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Patients with diabetes mellitus are predisposed to a host of orthopaedic problems which may require surgery and many patients with orthopaedic conditions may have unrecognised hyperglycaemia presenting for the first time at surgery. This group of patients are also prone to adverse surgical outcomes like post-operative infections and poor wound healing. The control of hyperglycaemia in orthopaedic patients with diabetes mellitus is the key in optimising surgical outcome in these patients. Peri-operative insulin is the main antihyperglycaemic agent of use. The risk of hypoglycaemia with tighter peri-operative glucose control outweighs its potential benefits. Blood glucose control with insulin infusion is better than sliding scale insulin. Control of infections and promotion of wound healing are necessary adjuncts in the management to optimise surgical outcome.

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