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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-24

Nasal bubble CPAP: One year experience in a neonatal unit of a tertiary health facility in Northwestern Nigeria

Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University/ Teaching Hospital, Shika-Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
I Abdulkadir
Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University/ Teaching Hospital, Shika-Zaria, Kaduna State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aims and Objectives: Nasal bubble continuous positive airway pressure (NBCPAP) respiratory support, though decades old, is beginning to gain popularity in developing countries including Nigeria. We reviewed neonates who benefitted from NBCPAP, to describe the demographics and outcome of NBCPAP respiratory support in newborns admitted to the neonatal unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, over a one year period. Materials and Methods: The study is a descriptive observational review of all neonates who required NBCPAP respiratory support in the neonatal unit of ABUTH Zaria. Data was extracted from a specifically designed proforma used to obtain information on each neonate throughout the period of admission. Results: Twenty babies received NBCPAP respiratory support during the period of study. Seventeen (85%) of the neonates were successfully weaned off CPAP while three (15%) failed CPAP. Three neonates developed complications with two having CPAP belly syndrome and the third had facial swelling which resolved spontaneously after 6 hours. Overall, seven (41%) of the neonates who were successfully weaned off CPAP were discharged home. Conclusion: Majority of newborns who require respiratory support will benefit from NBCPAP therefore, this method of respiratory support should be popularized and neonatal units in the country should be supported to efficiently offer the service.

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