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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-40

Pattern and outcome of traumatic gastro- intestinal injuries in Ile-Ife

Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O Olasehinde
Department of Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, 220001, Osun State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aims and Objectives : Trauma continues to assume a prominent role in the cause of disease in the developing world with increased westernization. This study highlights the pattern, management and outcome of gastrointestinal injuries following abdominal trauma in our hospital. Patients and Methods: A descriptive retrospective study of all patients who had laparotomy following abdominal trauma at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife between January 2008 and April 2013. Results : A total of 120 patients had laparotomy following abdominal trauma. Forty- five patients comprising 41 males and 4 females whose ages ranged between 14 and 65 years had gastrointestinal injuries. Majority (68.9%) were in the third and fourth decades with penetrating injury occurring in 55.6% .Causes of injury included gunshots (44.4%), road traffic accidents (37.8%), stabs (8.9%), falls (6.7%) and impalement (2.2%). The small intestine was the commonest site of injury (57.8 %) irrespective of the mechanism. Gut perforations accounted for 71.1% of all injuries. Two-thirds of patients had other associated injuries with retroperitoneal trauma being the commonest associated intra-abdominal injury. Majority (44.4%) had bowel resection and anastomosis with surgical site infection recorded in 35.6%. Overall mortality was 6.7% and this was significantly associated with pre-operative blood transfusion (p<0.05). Conclusion: Gut perforations from gunshot especially of the small intestine are the commonest gastro-intestinal injury in our setting. Pre-operative blood transfusion, perhaps indicating severity of injury, implies poor prognosis.

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