Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 619
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-122

Hypertension and diabetes self-care activities: A hospital based pilot survey in Benin City, Nigeria


1 Department of Medicine, Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
2 Department of Public Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O G Egbi
Consultant Nephrologist, Dialysis Unit, Federal Medical Centre, PMB 502, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Aims and Objectives: The burden of hypertension and diabetes is on the increase globally with its attendant complications. Although self-care activities are critical to the successful management of both conditions, there are only a few reports on such activities, especially in this part of the world. This pilot study was therefore undertaken to assess the self-care activities among hypertensive and diabetic patients in Benin City. Patients and Methods: Hypertensive and diabetic patients were consecutively recruited from the out- patient department of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The questionnaires were developed based on past assessment scales such as the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE) and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Assessment (SDSCA) for hypertensive and diabetic participants respectively. Results: A total of 85(32 hypertensive, 24 diabetic and 29 co-morbid hypertensive diabetic) participants completed the study. Only 14 (16.5%) subjects had good self-care practice, 39 (45.9%) had fair practice while poor self-care practice was found in 32 (37.6%) subjects. Adherence to medications, clinic adherence, use of self-monitoring devices, regular exercising and dietician contact were generally low. However, only a relatively few subjects smoked tobacco or took significant alcohol. Conclusion: The health-related self-care practice among the patients was generally not good. There was no significant difference in the overall level of self-care among hypertensive, diabetic patients or those with co-morbid conditions. There is need for more aggressive health education aimed at improving the current health-related self-care habits among these patients.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1022    
    Printed18    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded217    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal