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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 195-201

Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches

From the Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

Date of Web Publication14-Jan-2016

Correspondence Address:
Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa
From the Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1117-1936.173959

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The importance of measuring the accuracy and consistency of research instruments (especially questionnaires) known as validity and reliability, respectively, have been documented in several studies, but their measure is not commonly carried out among health and social science researchers in developing countries. This has been linked to the dearth of knowledge of these tests. This is a review article which comprehensively explores and describes the validity and reliability of a research instrument (with special reference to questionnaire). It further discusses various forms of validity and reliability tests with concise examples and finally explains various methods of analysing these tests with scientific principles guiding such analysis.

Keywords: Questionnaire, reliability, social and health, validity

How to cite this article:
Bolarinwa OA. Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches. Niger Postgrad Med J 2015;22:195-201

How to cite this URL:
Bolarinwa OA. Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches. Niger Postgrad Med J [serial online] 2015 [cited 2023 Mar 24];22:195-201. Available from: https://www.npmj.org/text.asp?2015/22/4/195/173959

  Introduction Top

The different measurements in social science research require quantification of abstracts, intangible and construct that may not be observable. [1] However, these quantification will come in the different forms of inference. In addition, the inferences made will depend on the type of measurement. [1] These can be observational, self-report, interview and record review. The various measurements will ultimately require measurement tools through which the values will be captured. One of the most common tasks often encountered in social science research is ascertaining the validity and reliability of a measurement tool. [2] The researchers always wish to know if the measurement tool employed actually measures the intended research concept or construct (is it valid? or true measures?) or if the measurement tools used to quantify the variables provide stable or consistent responses (is it reliable? or repeatable?). As simple as this may seems, it is often omitted or just mentioned passively in the research proposal or report. [2] This has been adduced to the dearth of skills and knowledge of validity and reliability test analysis among social and health science researchers. From the author's personal observation among researchers in developing countries, most students and young researchers are not able to distinguish validity from reliability. Likewise, they do not have the prerequisite to understand the principles that underline validity and reliability testing of a research measurement tool.

This article therefore sets out to review the principles and methods of validity and reliability measurement tools used in social and health science researches. To achieve the stated goal, the author reviewed currents articles (both print and online), scientific textbooks, lecture notes/presentations and health programme papers. This is with a view to critically review current principles and methods of reliability and validity tests as they are applicable to questionnaire use in social and health researches.

Validity expresses the degree to which a measurement measures what it purports to measure. Several varieties have been described, including face validity, construct validity, content validity and criterion validity (which could be concurrent and predictive validity). These validity tests are categorised into two broad components namely; internal and external validities. [3],[4],[5] Internal validity refers to how accurately the measures obtained from the research was actually quantifying what it was designed to measure whereas external validity refers to how accurately the measures obtained from the study sample described the reference population from which the study sample was drawn. [5]

Reliability refers to the degree to which the results obtained by a measurement and procedure can be replicated. [3],[4],[5] Though reliability importantly contributes to the validity of a questionnaire, it is however not a sufficient condition for the validity of a questionnaire. [6] Lack of reliability may arise from divergence between observers or instruments of measurement such as a questionnaire or instability of the attribute being measured [3],[4] which will invariably affect the validity of such questionnaire. There are three aspects of reliability, namely: Equivalence, stability and internal consistency (homogeneity). [5] It is important to understand the distinction between these three aspects as it will guide the researcher on the proper assessment of reliability of a research tool such as questionnaire. [7] [Figure 1] shows graphical presentation of possible combinations of validity and reliability. [8]
Figure 1: Graphical presentation of possible combinations of validity and reliability

Click here to view

Questionnaire is a predetermined set of questions used to collect data. [2] There are different formats of questionnaire such as clinical data, social status and occupational group.[3] It is a data collection 'tool' for collecting and recording information about a particular issue of interest. [2],[5] It should always have a definite purpose that is related to the objectives of the research, and it needs to be clear from the outset on how the findings will be used. [2],[5] Structured questionnaires are usually associated with quantitative research, which means research that is concerned with numbers (how many? how often? how satisfied?). It is the mostly used data collection instrument in health and social science research. [9]

In the context of health and social science research, questionnaires can be used in a variety of survey situations such as postal, electronic, face-to-face (F2F) and telephone. [9] Postal and electronic questionnaires are known as self-completion questionnaires, i.e., respondents complete them by themselves in their own time. F2F and telephone questionnaires are used by interviewers to ask a standard set of questions and record the responses that people give to them. [9] Questionnaires that are used by interviewers in this way are sometimes known as interview schedules. [9] It could be adapted from an already tested one or could be developed as a new data tool specific to measure or quantify a particular attribute. These conditions therefore warrant the need to test validity and reliability of questionnaire. [2],[5],[9]

  Methods Used for Validity Test of a Questionnaire Top

A drafted questionnaire should always be ready for establishing validity. Validity is the amount of systematic or built-in error in questionnaire. [5],[9] Validity of a questionnaire can be established using a panel of experts which explore theoretical construct as shown in [Figure 2]. This form of validity exploits how well the idea of a theoretical construct is represented in an operational measure (questionnaire). This is called a translational or representational validity. Two subtypes of validity belongs to this form namely; face validity and content validity. [10] On the other hand, questionnaire validity can be established with the use of another survey in the form of a field test and this examines how well a given measure relates to one or more external criterion, based on empirical constructs as shown in [Figure 2]. These forms could be criterion-related validity [10],[11] and construct validity. [11] While some authors believe that criterion-related validity encompasses construct validity, [10] others believe both are separate entities. [11] According to the authors who put the 2 as separate entities, predictive validity and concurrence validity are subtypes of criterion-related validity while convergence validity, discriminant validity, known-group validity and factorial validity are sub-types of construct validity [Figure 2]. [10] In addition, some authors included hypothesis-testing validity as a form of construct validity. [12] The detailed description of the subtypes are described in the next paragraphs.
Figure 2: Graphical representation of the subtypes of various forms of validity tests

Click here to view

  Face Validity Top

Some authors [7],[13] are of the opinion that face validity is a component of content validity while others believe it is not. [2],[14],[15] Face validity is established when an individual (and or researcher) who is an expert on the research subject reviewing the questionnaire (instrument) concludes that it measures the characteristic or trait of interest. [7],[13] Face validity involves the expert looking at the items in the questionnaire and agreeing that the test is a valid measure of the concept which is being measured just on the face of it. [15] This means that they are evaluating whether each of the measuring items matches any given conceptual domain of the concept. Face validity is often said to be very casual, soft and many researchers do not consider this as an active measure of validity. [11] However, it is the most widely used form of validity in developing countries. [15]

  Content Validity Top

Content validity pertains to the degree to which the instrument fully assesses or measures the construct of interest. [7],[15],[16],[17] For example, a researcher is interested in evaluating employees' attitudes towards a training program on hazard prevention within an organisation. He wants to ensure that the questions (in the questionnaire) fully represent the domain of attitudes towards the occupational hazard prevention. The development of a content valid instrument is typically achieved by a rational analysis of the instrument by raters (experts) familiar with the construct of interest or experts on the research subject. [15],[16],[17] Specifically, raters will review all of the questionnaire items for readability, clarity and comprehensiveness and come to some level of agreement as to which items should be included in the final questionnaire. [15] The rating could be a dichotomous where the rater indicates whether an item is 'favourable' (which is assign a score of +1) or 'unfavourable' (which is assign score of +0). [15] Over the years however, different ratings have been proposed and developed. These could be in Likert scaling or absolute number ratings. [18],[19],[20],[21] Item rating and scale level rating have been proposed for content validity. The item-rated content validity indices (CVI) are usually denoted as I-CVI. [15] While the scale-level CVI termed S-CVI will be calculated from I-CVI. [15] S-CVI means the level of agreement between raters. Sangoseni et al.[15] proposed a S-CVI of ≥0.78 as significant level for inclusion of an item into the study. The Fog Index, Flesch Reading Ease, Flesch-Kincaid readability formula and Gunning-Fog Index are formulas that have also been used to determine readability in validity. [7],[12] Major drawback of content validity is that it is also adjudged to be highly subjective like face validity. However, in some cases, researchers could combine more than one form of validity to increase validity strength of the questionnaire. For instance, face validity has been combined with content validity [15],[22],[23] criterion validity. [13]

  Criterion-related Validity Top

Criterion-related validity is assessed when one is interested in determining the relationship of scores on a test to a specific criterion. [24],[25] It is a measure of how well questionnaire findings stack up against another instrument or predictor. [5],[25] Its major disadvantage is that such predictor may not be available or easy to establish. There are 2 variants of this validity type as follows:


This assesses the newly developed questionnaire against a highly rated existing standard (gold standard). When the criterion exists at the same time as the measure, we talk about concurrent validity. [24],[25],[26],[27] Concurrent validity refers to the ability of a test to predict an event in the present form. For instance, in a simplest form, a researcher may use questionnaire to elucidate diabetic patients' blood sugar level reading in the last hospital follow-up visits and compare this response to laboratory reading of blood glucose for such patient.


It assesses the ability of the questionnaire (instrument) to forecast future events, behaviour, attitudes or outcomes. This is assessed using correlation coefficient. Predictive validity is the ability of a test to measure some event or outcome in the future. [24],[28] A good example of predictive validity is the use of hypertensive patients' questionnaire on medication adherence to medication to predict their future medical outcome such as systolic blood pressure control. [28],[29]

  Construct Validity Top

Construct validity is the degree to which an instrument measures the trait or theoretical construct that it is intended to measure. [5],[16],[30],[31],[32],[33],[34] It does not have a criterion for comparison rather it utilizes a hypothetical construct for comparison. [5],[11],[30],[31],[32],[33],[34] It is the most valuable and most difficult measure of validity. Basically, it is a measure of how meaningful the scale or instrument is when it is in practical use. [5],[24] There are four types of evidence that can be obtained for the purpose of construct validity depending on the research problem, as discussed below:

Convergent validity

There is evidence that the same concept measured in different ways yields similar results. In this case, one could include two different tests. In convergent validity where different measures of the same concept yield similar results, a researcher uses self-report versus observation (different measures). [12],[33],[34],[35],[36] The 2 scenarios given below illustrate this concept.

Scenario one

A researcher could place meters on respondent's television (TV) sets to record the time that people spend with certain health programmes on TV. Then, this record can be compared with survey results on 'exposure to health program on televised' using questionnaire.

Scenario two

The researcher could send someone to observe respondent's TV use at their home and compare the observation results with the survey results using questionnaire.

Discriminant validity

There is evidence that one concept is different from other closely related concepts. [12],[34],[36] Using the scenarios of TV health programme exposure above, the researcher can decide to measure the exposure to TV entertainment programmes and determine if they differ from TV health programme exposure measures. In this case, the measures of exposure to TV health programme should not be highly related to the measures of exposure to TV entertainment programmes.

Known-group validity

In known-group validity, a group with already established attribute of the outcome of construct is compared with a group in whom the attribute is not yet established. [11],[37] Since the attribute of the two groups of respondents is known, it is expected that the measured construct will be higher in the group with related attribute but lower in the group with unrelated attribute. [11],[36],[37],[38] For example, in a survey that used questionnaire to explore depression among two groups of patients with clinical diagnosis of depression and those without. It is expected (in known-group validity) that the construct of depression in the questionnaire will be scored higher among the patients with clinically diagnosed depression than those without the diagnosis. Another example was shown in a study by Singh et al.[38] where cognitive interview study was conducted among school pupils in 6 European countries.

Factorial validity

This is an empirical extension of content validity. This is because it validates the contents of the construct employing the statistical model called factor analysis. [11],[39],[40],[41],[42] It is usually employed when the construct of interest is in many dimensions which form different domains of a general attribute. In the analysis of factorial validity, the several items put up to measure a particular dimension within a construct of interest is supposed to be highly related to one another than those measuring other dimensions. [11],[39],[40],[41],[42] For instance, using health-related quality of life questionnaire using short form - 36 version 2 (SF-36v2). This tool has 8 dimensions and it is therefore expected that all the items of SF-36v2 questionnaire measuring social function (SF), which is one of the 8 dimension, should be highly related than those items measuring mental health domain which measure another dimension. [43]

Hypothesis-testing validity

Evidence that a research hypothesis about the relationship between the measured concept (variable) or other concepts (variables), derived from a theory, is supported. [12],[44] In the case of TV viewing, for example, there is a social learning theory stating how violent behaviour can be learned from observing and modelling televised physical violence. From this theory, we could derive a hypothesis stating a positive correlation between physical aggression and the amount of televised physical violence viewing. If the evidence collected supports the hypothesis, we can conclude that there is a high degree of construct validity in the measurements of physical aggression and viewing of televised physical violence since the two theoretical concepts are measured and examined in the hypothesis-testing process.

  Methods Used for Reliability Test of a Questionnaire Top

Reliability is an extent to which a questionnaire, test, observation or any measurement procedure produces the same results on repeated trials. In short, it is the stability or consistency of scores over time or across raters. [7] Keep in mind that reliability pertains to scores not people. Thus, in research, one would never say that someone was reliable. As an example, consider judges in a platform diving competition. The extent to which they agree on the scores for each contestant is an indication of reliability. Similarly, the degree to which an individual's responses (i.e., their scores) on a survey would stay the same over time is also a sign of reliability. [7] It is worthy to note that lack of reliability may arise from divergences between observers or instruments of measurement or instability of the attribute being measured. [3] Reliability of the questionnaire is usually carried out using a pilot test. Reliability could be assessed in three major forms; test-retest reliability, alternate-form reliability and internal consistency reliability. These are discussed below.

  Test-retest Reliability (or Stability) Top

Test-retest correlation provides an indication of stability over time. [5],[12],[27],[37] This aspect of reliability or stability is said to occur when the same or similar scores are obtained with repeated testing with the same group of respondents. [5],[25],[35],[37] In other words, the scores are consistent from 1 time to the next. Stability is assessed through a test-retest procedure that involves administering the same measurement instrument such as questionnaire to the same individuals under the same conditions after some period of time. It is the most common form in surveys for reliability test of questionnaire.

Test-rest reliability is estimated with correlations between the scores at time 1 and those at time 2 (to time x). Two assumptions underlie the use of the test-retest procedure; [12]

  • The first required assumption is that the characteristic that is measured does not change over the time period called 'testing effect' [11]
  • The second assumption is that the time period is long enough yet short in time that the respondents' memories of taking the test at time 1 do not influence their scores at time 2 and subsequent test administrations called 'memory effect'.

It is measured by having the same respondents complete a survey at two different points in time to see how stable the responses are. In general, correlation coefficient (r) values are considered good if r ≥ 0.70. [38],[45]

If data are recorded by an observer, one can have the same observer make two separate measurements. The comparison between the two measurements is intra-observer reliability. In using this form of reliability, one needs to be careful with questionnaire or scales that measure variables which are likely to change over a short period of time, such as energy, happiness and anxiety because of maturation effect. [24] If the researcher has to use such variables, then he has to make sure that test-retest is done over very short periods of time. Potential problem with test-retest in practice effect is that the individuals become familiar with the items and simply answer based on their memory of the last answer. [45]

  Alternate-form Reliability (or Equivalence) Top

Alternate form refers to the amount of agreement between two or more research instruments such as two different questionnaires on a research construct that are administered at nearly the same point in time. [7] It is measured through a parallel form procedure in which one administers alternative forms of the same measure to either the same group or different group of respondents. It uses differently worded questionnaire to measure the same attribute or construct. [45] Questions or responses are reworded or their order is changed to produce two items that are similar but not identical. This administration of the various forms occurs at the same time or following some time delay. The higher the degree of correlation between the two forms, the more equivalent they are. In practice, the parallel forms procedure is seldom implemented, as it is difficult, if not impossible, to verify that two tests are indeed parallel (i.e., have equal means, variances and correlations with other measures). Indeed, it is difficult enough to have one well-developed instrument or questionnaire to measure the construct of interest let alone two. [7]

Another situation in which equivalence will be important is when the measurement process entails subjective judgements or ratings being made by more than one person. [5],[7] Say, for example, that we are a part of a research team whose purpose is to interview people concerning their attitudes towards health educational curriculum for children. It should be self-evident to the researcher that each rater should apply the same standards towards the assessment of the responses. The same can be said for a situation in which multiple individuals are observing health behaviour. The observers should agree as to what constitutes the presence or absence of a particular health behaviour as well as the level to which the behaviour is exhibited. In these scenarios, equivalence is demonstrated by assessing inter-observer reliability which refers to the consistency with which observers or raters make judgements. [7]

The procedure for determining inter-observer reliability is:

No of agreements/no of opportunities for agreement ×100.

Thus, in a situation in which raters agree in a total of 75 times out of 90 opportunities (i.e. unique observations or ratings) produces 83% agreement that is 75/90 = 0.83 × 100 = 83%.

  Internal Consistency Reliability (or Homogeneity) Top

Internal consistency concerns the extent to which items on the test or instrument are measuring the same thing. The appeal of an internal consistency index of reliability is that it is estimated after only one test administration and therefore avoids the problems associated with testing over multiple time periods. [5] Internal consistency is estimated via the split-half reliability index [5] and coefficient alpha index [22],[23],[25],[37],[42],[46],[47],[48],[49] which is the most common used form of internal consistency reliability. Sometimes, Kuder-Richardson formula 20 (KR-20) index was used. [7],[50]

The split-half estimate entails dividing up the test into two parts (e.g. odd/even items or first half of the items/second half of the items), administering the two forms to the same group of individuals and correlating the responses. [7],[10] Coefficient alpha and KR-20 both represent the average of all possible split-half estimates. The difference between the two is when they would be used to assess reliability. Specifically, coefficient alpha is typically used during scale development with items that have several response options (i.e., 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree) whereas KR-20 is used to estimate reliability for dichotomous (i.e., yes/no; true/false) response scales. [7]

The formula to compute KR-20 is:

KR-20 = n/(n − 1)[1 − Sum(piqi)/Var(X)].


n = Total number of items

Sum(piqi) = Sum of the product of the probability of alternative responses

Var(X) = Composite variance.

And to calculate coefficient alpha (a) by Allen and Yen, 1979: [51]

a = n/(n − 1)[1 − Sum Var (Yi)/Var (X)].

Where n = Number of items

Sum Var(Yi) = Sum of item variances

Var(X) = Composite variance.

It should be noted that KR-20 and Cronbach alpha can easily be estimated using several statistical analysis software these days. Therefore, researchers do not have to go through the laborious exercise of memorising the mathematical formula given above. As a rule of thumb, the higher the reliability value, the more reliable the measure. The general convention in research has been prescribed by Nunnally and Bernstein, [52] which states that one should strive for reliability values of 0.70 or higher. It is worthy of note that reliability values increase as test length increases. [53] That is, the more items we have in our scale to measure the construct of interest, the more reliable our scale will become. However, the problem with simply increasing the number of scale items when performing applied research is that respondents are less likely to participate and answer completely when confronted with the prospect of replying to a lengthy questionnaire. [7] Therefore, the best approach is to develop a scale that completely measures the construct of interest and yet does so in as parsimonious or economical manner as is possible. A well-developed yet brief scale may lead to higher levels of respondent participation and comprehensiveness of responses so that one acquires a rich pool of data with which to answer the research question.

  Short Note on SPSS and Reliability Test Top

Reliability can be established using a pilot test by collecting data from 20 to 30 subjects not included in the sample. Data collected from pilot test can be analysed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences, by IBM incorporated) or any other related software. SPSS provides two key pieces of information in the output viewer. These are 'correlation matrix' and 'view alpha if item deleted' columns. [54],[55] Cronbach alpha (a) is the most commonly used measure of internal consistency reliability [45] and so it will be discussed here. Conditions that could affect Cronbach values are [54],[55]

  1. Numbers of items; scale of <10 variables could cause Cronbach alpha to be low
  2. Distribution of score; normality increases Cronbach alpha value while skewed data reduces it
  3. Timing; Cronbach alpha does not indicate the stability or consistency of the test over time
  4. Wording of the items; negative-worded questionnaire should be reversed before scoring
  5. Items with 0, 1 and negative scores: Ensure that items/statements that have 0 s, 1 s and negatives are eliminated.

The detailed step by step procedure for the reliability analysis using SPSS can be found on internet and standard tests. [54],[55] But, note that the reliability coefficient (alpha) can range from 0 to 1, with 0 representing a questionnaire that is not reliable and 1 representing absolutely reliable questionnaire. A reliability coefficient (alpha) of 0.70 or higher is considered acceptable reliability in SPSS.

  Conclusion Top

This article reviewed validity and reliability of questionnaire as an important research tool in social and health science research. The article observed the importance of validity and reliability tests in research and gave both literary and technical meanings of these tests. Various forms and methods of analysing validity and reliability of questionnaire were discussed with the main aim of improving the skills and knowledge of these tests among researchers in developing countries.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

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Mostafa Bijani, Maryam Niknam, Shanaz Karimi, Zeinab Naderi, Azizallah Dehghan
BMC Neurology. 2022; 22(1)
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79 Development and validation of preconception care improvement scale (PCIS) in a resource-limited setting
Firanbon Teshome, Zewdie Birhanu, Yohannes Kebede
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2022; 22(1)
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80 Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers of natural disaster preparedness among Nepalese immigrants residing in Japan
Aliza K. C. Bhandari, Osamu Takahashi
BMC Public Health. 2022; 22(1)
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81 The ten-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease among public health workers in North-Central Nigeria using Framingham and atherogenic index of plasma risk scores
Olubunmi Abiola Olubiyi, Bosede Folashade Rotimi, Munirat Ayoola Afolayan, Bilqis Wuraola Alatishe-Muhammad, Olufemi Mubo Olubiyi, Ahmed Dahiru Balami
BMC Public Health. 2022; 22(1)
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82 Development, validation, and implementation of a Short Breast Health Perception Questionnaire
Sadaf Alipour, Hadi Rashidi, Khadije Maajani, Marzieh Orouji, Yas Eskandari
BMC Public Health. 2022; 22(1)
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83 The Malay version of the attitudes and beliefs about cardiovascular disease (ABCD-M) risk questionnaire: a translation, reliability and validation study
Zarudin Mat Said, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail, Anees Abdul Hamid, Ramesh Sahathevan, Zariah Abdul Aziz, Kamarul Imran Musa
BMC Public Health. 2022; 22(1)
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84 Job requirements and physical demands (JRPD) questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation in Iranian Army personnel with chronic low back pain
Mehdi Ramezani, Ehsan Pourghayoomi, Ghorban Taghizadeh
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2022; 23(1)
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85 Evaluation of the Impact of an Education Program on Self-Reported Leadership and Management Competence Among Nurse Managers
Salah Aqtash, Hussam Alnusair, Sharon Brownie, Rafi Alnjadat, Mariezl Fonbuena, Saleem Perinchery
SAGE Open Nursing. 2022; 8: 2377960822
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86 How did general practices organize care during the COVID-19 pandemic: the protocol of the cross-sectional PRICOV-19 study in 38 countries
E. Van Poel, P. Vanden Bussche, Z. Klemenc-Ketis, S. Willems
BMC Primary Care. 2022; 23(1)
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87 What is in the toolkit (and what are the tools)? How to approach the study of doctor–patient communication
Caitríona Cox, Zoë Fritz
Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2022; : postgradme
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88 Development and validation of the perioperative care and user participation ( POUP ) questionnaire
Ingjerd Gåre Kymre, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt PhD, Mona Kyndi Pedersen, Kari Ingstad, Preben Ulrich Pedersen
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. 2022;
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89 Clinical information quality of digital health technologies: protocol for an international eDelphi study
Kayode Philip Fadahunsi, Petra A Wark, Nikolaos Mastellos, Joseph Gallagher, Azeem Majeed, Josip Car
BMJ Open. 2022; 12(4): e057430
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90 Development of an integrated mobile application for lifestyle modification in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome
Hee Kyung Choi, Seon Heui Lee, Soo Yeon Yang
Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2022;
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91 Enhancing universities students' performance through level advisers' leadership qualities
Omotayo Adewale Awodiji, Suraiya R. Naicker
Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. 2022;
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92 Development and validation of an International Patient’s Attitudes to Prevention in Oral Health Questionnaire
Julia Csikar, Heather Leggett, Karen Vinall-Collier, Helen Whelton, Susan Pavitt, Jing Kang, Gail V.A. Douglas
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2022;
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93 Diagnostic accuracy of an artificial intelligence online engine in migraine: A multi-center study
Robert P. Cowan, Alan M. Rapoport, Jim Blythe, John Rothrock, Kerry Knievel, Addie M. Peretz, Elizabeth Ekpo, Bharati M. Sanjanwala, Yohannes W. Woldeamanuel
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain. 2022;
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94 Standard Precaution Knowledge and Behavioral Intentions Among Students in the Healthcare Field: A Cross-Sectional Study
Journal of Nursing Research. 2022; Publish Ah
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95 Procurement process risk and performance: empirical evidence from manufacturing firms
Edmond Yeboah Nyamah, Yi Feng, Evelyn Yeboah Nyamah, Richard Kofi Opoku, Matilda Ewusi
Benchmarking: An International Journal. 2022; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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96 Criterion validity of 14-item Health Literacy Scale (HLS-14) questionnaire in Brazilian adults and older people
Sthefanie del Carmen Perez Puello, Manoelito Ferreira Silva-Júnior, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Marília Jesus Batista
Health Promotion International. 2022; 37(5)
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97 Psychometric Testing of the Chinese Version of the Self-care of Heart Failure Index Version 7.2
Fenna Li, Lixia Lin, Xingyuan Sun, Sekying Chair, Xu Liu, Xi Cao
Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2022; Publish Ah
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98 Water quality assessment and evaluation of human health risk of drinking water from source to point of use at Thulamela municipality, Limpopo Province
N. Luvhimbi, T. G. Tshitangano, J. T. Mabunda, F. C. Olaniyi, J. N. Edokpayi
Scientific Reports. 2022; 12(1)
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99 Development and validation of questionnaire to assess exposure of children to enteric infections in the rural northwest Ethiopia
Zemichael Gizaw, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Jiyoung Lee, Michael Bisesi
Scientific Reports. 2022; 12(1)
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100 Psychometric properties of an Arabic translation of the quality of life in childhood epilepsy questionnaire (QOLCE-55)
Mona Khalil, Samar Almestkawy, Tarek E.I. Omar, Mark A. Ferro, Kathy N. Speechley
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2022; 129: 108637
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101 Understanding online self-directed learning using point of care information systems (POCIS): A plot study using a capability approach perspective
Da Zhang, Li Xiao, Jingqi Duan, Xinxin Chang, Kieran Walsh, John Sandars, Jeremy Brown, Xiaorong Dang, Wei Shen, Junjie Du, Yanjie Cao
Medical Teacher. 2022; : 1
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102 The Greek version of shoulder rating questionnaire (SRQ): Translation, cultural adaptation, a reliability and validity study in patients with rotator cuff related shoulder pain
Areti Zoe Cheimonidou, Apostolos Stergioulas, Demetris Lamnisos, Petros Galanis, Dimitrios Stasinopoulos
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2022; : 1
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103 Nebulizer versus metered dose inhaler with space chamber (MDI spacer) for acute asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation: attitudes of patients and healthcare providers in the COVID-19 era
Rayan Alsuwaigh, Yan Cao, Youxin Puan, Anthony Yii, Soyah Binti Mohamed Noor, Hui Ye, Haijuan Chen, Xiao Ling Li, Norlidah Binte Mohd Noor, Jason Liew, Tunn Ren Tay
Journal of Asthma. 2022; : 1
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104 Continuing Professional Development Needs in Pain Management for Canadian Health Care Professionals: A Cross Sectional Survey
Craig M. Dale, Iocopo Cioffi, Christine B. Novak, Franklin Gorospe, Laura Murphy, Deepika Chugh, Judy Watt-Watson, Bonnie Stevens
Canadian Journal of Pain. 2022;
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105 Developing and validating an instrument to measure EFL teachers’ self-reported use of productive feedback
Mina Abdolhosseinzadeh Amini, Corne G. Kruger, Carisma Nel
System. 2022; 110: 102919
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106 The perception and disposal practices of unused and expired medicines by households in an urban municipality, southwest Nigeria: A comparative cross-sectional study
O.O. Aluko, G.T. Imbianozor, C.O. Jideama, O.V. Ogundele, T.E. Fapetu, O.T. Afolabi, O.L. Odewade
Waste Management. 2022; 140: 121
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107 Psychoeducation for psychological issues and birth preparedness in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review
Yetunde Oluwafunmilayo Tola, Oluwadamilare Akingbade, Margaret Omowaleola Akinwaare, Emmanuel Olumide Adesuyi, Tomiike Mabel Arowosegbe, Chizoma Millicent Ndikom, Prisca Olabisi Adejumo, Obrey Alexis
AJOG Global Reports. 2022; 2(3): 100072
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Azura Abdul Halain, Tang Li Yoong, Chong Mei Chan, Noor Airini Ibrahim, Khatijah Lim Abdullah
Nurse Education in Practice. 2022; : 103324
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109 Systematic review of interventions to enhance preceptors’ role in undergraduate health student clinical learning
Marnie Griffiths, Debra Creedy, Amanda Carter, Rosyln Donnellan-Fernandez
Nurse Education in Practice. 2022; 62: 103349
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110 The development and validation of scales to measure the presence of a teachable moment following a cardiovascular disease event
Michelle Brust, Winifred A. Gebhardt, Nadine A.E. van der Voorde, Mattijs E. Numans, Jessica C. Kiefte-de Jong
Preventive Medicine Reports. 2022; 28: 101876
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111 The development and validation of a questionnaire to assess relative energy deficiency in sport (RED S) knowledge
Namratha N. Pai, Rachel C. Brown, Katherine E. Black
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2022;
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112 Conceptualizing masstige buying behavior: A mixed-method approach
Sonal Purohit, Karan Nilesh Radia
Journal of Business Research. 2022; 142: 886
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113 Linking environment specific servant leadership with organizational environmental citizenship behavior: the roles of CSR and attachment anxiety
Talat Islam, Saima Ahmad, Ishfaq Ahmed
Review of Managerial Science. 2022;
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114 Validity and Reliability of the Vietnamese Version of the Dental Fear Survey
Uyen-Anh Thi Dong, Trung Nhu Nguyen, Son Hoang Le
International Dental Journal. 2022;
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115 Ecuadorian university English teachers' reflections on emergency remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic
Félix Estrella
International Journal of Educational Research Open. 2022; 3: 100141
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116 The Competence Scale in Managing Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (CS-MBPSD) for Family Caregivers: Instrument Development and Cross-sectional Validation Study
Hongjin Cheon, Jun-Ah Song, Jiyeon Kim, Sua Jung
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2022; : 104205
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117 Communicating emotional distress experienced by adolescents between adolescents and their mothers: Patterns and links with adolescents’ emotional distress
Ruyi Ding, Wei He, Qian Wang, Zixuan Qi
Journal of Affective Disorders. 2022; 298: 35
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118 Assessment of the psychometrics of the Students' Attitudes towards Addressing Sexual Health Extended (SA-SH-Ext) questionnaire for social educator students
Gerd Hilde Lunde, Laila Blaalid, Helle Gerbild, Kristina Areskoug Josefsson
Sexual Medicine. 2022; 10(3): 100507
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119 Psychometric Properties of the Danish Version of the Questionnaire Professionals’ Attitudes towards Addressing Sexual Health (PA-SH-D)
Caroline M. Elnegaard, Jan Christensen, Jette Thuesen, Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Helle N. Gerbild
Sexual Medicine. 2022; 10(4): 100527
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120 Assessment of the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the diabetes self-management questionnaire (DSMQ) in patients with type 2 diabetes
Hamed Mirzaei, Mansour Siavash, Hossein Shahnazi, Mohammad Hadi Abasi, Ahmad Ali Eslami
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. 2022;
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121 Development and evaluation of a new questionnaire to assess social cognitive factors of self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes: a psychometric study
Hamed Mirzaei, Mansour Siavash, Hossein Shahnazi, Ahmad Ali Eslami
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. 2022;
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122 Knowledge-based decision support for BIM adoption by small and medium-sized enterprises in developing economies
Abdullahi B. Saka, Daniel W.M. Chan, Ibrahim Y. Wuni
Automation in Construction. 2022; 141: 104407
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123 Reimbursement and payment models in Central and Eastern European as well as Middle Eastern countries: A survey of their current use and future outlook
Marcelien H.E. Callenbach, lldikó Ádám, Rick A. Vreman, Bertalan Németh, Zoltán Kaló, Wim G. Goettsch
Drug Discovery Today. 2022; : 103433
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124 Psychosocial Determinants of Premarital Sexual Practices among University Students in Sudan
Husameddin Farouk Elshiekh, Ciska Hoving, Hein de Vries
Sexuality & Culture. 2022;
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125 Towards a multiscale QoE assessment of mediated social communication
Alexander Toet, Tina Mioch, Simon N. B. Gunkel, Omar Niamut, Jan B. F. van Erp
Quality and User Experience. 2022; 7(1)
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126 Ecuadorian university English teachers’ reflections on emergency remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic
Felix Estrella
SN Social Sciences. 2022; 2(5)
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127 The bright side of online consumer behavior: Continuance intention for mobile payments
Sonal Purohit, Rakhi Arora, Justin Paul
Journal of Consumer Behaviour. 2022;
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128 Instructional Approaches: Anatomy Education of Physical Therapists
Ashley C. Simons,Kirk M. McHugh,Susan Appling,Shannon L. Harris,Jennifer M. Burgoon
Anatomical Sciences Education. 2021;
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129 A survey on women’s awareness of iron and folic acid intake during preconception period and its associated factors in Manna District, Oromia region, Southwest Ethiopia
Firanbon Teshome,Yohannes Kebede,Kasahun Girma,Zewdie Birhanu
Nursing Open. 2021;
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130 Assessment of patients' understanding of inflammatory bowel diseases: Development and validation of a questionnaire
Gaiana Ostromohov, Morin Fibelman, Ayal Hirsch, Yulia Ron, Nathaniel Aviv Cohen, Revital Kariv, Liat Deutsch, Jasmine Kornblum, Ronit Anbar, Nitsan Maharshak, Naomi Fliss-Isakov
United European Gastroenterology Journal. 2021;
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131 Development and validation of the Domestic Violence during Quarantine Scale (DVQS)
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh,Kamel Abdi,Abbas Ebadi,Borhan Moradveisi,Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini,Hosein Zahednezhad
Journal of Public Health. 2021;
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132 The role of community pharmacists in depression management: a survey of attitudes, practices and perceived barriers
Rula Shami, Mohammed Fasihul Alam, Maguy Saffouh ElHajj
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 2021;
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133 Exploring the attitudes of Millennials and Generation Xers toward ridesourcing services
Ghazaleh Azimi,Alireza Rahimi,Xia Jin
Transportation. 2021;
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134 Understanding the socioeconomic determinants of adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices among smallholder potato farmers in Gilgil Sub-County, Kenya
Andrew Waaswa,Agnes Oywaya Nkurumwa,Anthony Mwangi Kibe,Joel Kipkemoi Ng’eno
Discover Sustainability. 2021; 2(1)
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135 Examining the Components of Integrity
Afzal Izzaz Zahari,Jamaliah Said,Roshayani Arshad
Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science. 2021;
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136 Flood hazards and agricultural production risks management practices in flood-prone areas of Punjab, Pakistan
Dilshad Ahmad, Muhammad Afzal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2021;
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137 Zijn huisarts en kinderarts het eens over verwijzingen?
Thom Avontuur,Ted van Hinsbergh,Karlijn Bernart,Charlie Obihara
Huisarts en wetenschap. 2021;
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138 Epidemiology of gastrointestinal worm infections in pigs reared in Enugu State, Nigeria
Sunday N. Bernard,Emmanuel O. Njoga,Festus O. Abonyi,Pius A. Nnadi,Ikenna E. Ozioko,Christian U. Ugwuoke
Journal of Parasitic Diseases. 2021;
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139 Anthropogenic barriers to longitudinal river connectivity in Greece: A review
Aimilia Panagiotou, Stamatis Zogaris, Elias Dimitriou, Angeliki Mentzafou, Vassilios A. Tsihrintzis
Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology. 2021;
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140 Iniciación a la investigación en educación médica: guía práctica metodológica
Judit Sánchez,Marta Lesmes,Rocío González-Soltero,Ana Isabel R-Learte,Milagros García Barbero,Beatriz Gal
Educación Médica. 2021;
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141 Performance of Two Frailty Screening Tools among Patients with Cancer in Taiwan
Shih-Ying Chen,Wen-Chi Chou,Yung-Chang Lin,Ngan-Ming Tsang,Kuo-Chen Liao,Chung-Hao Lin,Jr-Rung Lin,Ya-Wen Ho,Woung-Ru Tang
Biomedical Journal. 2021;
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142 Price Sensitivity and Consumers’ Support for Renewable Energy in China
Xuemei Zheng,Cao Li,Xingming Fang,Ning Zhang
Energy. 2021; : 119862
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143 Primary science teaching in Bangladesh: A critical analysis of the role of the DPEd program to improve the quality of learning in science teaching
Md. Mustafizur Rahman Talukder,Colin Green,Md. Mamun-ur-Rashid
Heliyon. 2021; 7(2): e06050
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144 Thai version of the Questionnaire for Diabetes-Related Foot Disease (Thai Q-DFD): validity and reliability
Rapeepun Thungtak,Jirabhorn Wannapakhe,Saitida Lapanantasin
Heliyon. 2021; 7(8): e07832
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145 Methodology for developing and evaluating diagnostic tools in Ayurveda – a review
Mukesh Edavalath,Benil P. Bharathan
Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine. 2021;
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146 Identification and Critical Appraisal of Food Service Satisfaction Questionnaires for Use in Nursing Homes: A Systematic Review
Morgan Pankhurst,Alison Yaxley,Michelle Miller
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2021;
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147 Intern Perceptions and Participation in the Operating Room
Kathryn L. DiLosa,Misty D. Humphries,Matthew W. Mell
Journal of Surgical Education. 2021;
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148 Reported Challenges in Health Technology Assessment of Complex Health Technologies
Milou A. Hogervorst, Rick A. Vreman, Aukje K. Mantel-Teeuwisse, Wim G. Goettsch
Value in Health. 2021;
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149 Rethinking the bottom of the pyramid: Towards a new marketing mix
Sonal Purohit,Justin Paul,Rikee Mishra
Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services. 2021; 58: 102275
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150 Development of a tool to assess students’ perceptions of respectful maternity care
Prativa DHAKAL, Jenny GAMBLE, Debra K. CREEDY, Elizabeth NEWNHAM
Midwifery. 2021; : 103228
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151 Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards dengue prevention among primary school children with and without experience of previous dengue infection in southern Thailand
Charuai Suwanbamrung,Bussarawadee Saengsuwan,Thamonwan Sangmanee,Napaporn Thrikaew,Poungpen Srimoung,Sarunya Maneerattanasak
One Health. 2021; 13: 100275
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152 Developing a quantitative tool to measure the extent to which public spaces meet user needs
Abdulfattah A.Q. Alwah,Wen Li,Mohammed A.Q. Alwah,Saddam Shahrah
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 2021; 62: 127152
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153 Supporting the development of the research and clinical trials therapeutic radiographers workforce: The RaCTTR survey
A. Taylor,P. Shuttleworth
Radiography. 2021;
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154 COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy concerns: Findings from a Ghana clinical radiography workforce survey
B.O. Botwe, W.K. Antwi, J.A. Adusei, R.N. Mayeden, T.N. Akudjedu, S.D. Sule
Radiography. 2021;
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155 Systematic review of tools to measure preceptorsæ perceptions of their role in undergraduate health clinical education
Marnie Griffiths,Debra K. Creedy,Amanda G. Carter
Nurse Education Today. 2021; 102: 104913
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156 Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and psychological distress in China: Does neighbourhood matter?
Yiyi Chen,Colin Jones,Neil Dunse
Science of The Total Environment. 2021; 759: 144203
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157 Development of attitude assessment instrument in engineering mathematics 1 course to assess discussion on MOOC platform
I Yuniwati,A D Yustita,S A Hardiyanti,I W Suardinata
Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2021; 1918(4): 042079
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158 The Rowing-Specific Reinvestment Scale
Katherine V. Sparks, Maria Kavussanu, Rich S.W. Masters, Christopher Ring
Journal of Sports Sciences. 2021; : 1
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159 New instrument for measuring quality of life in patients with cervical cancer
Slobodan Jankovic,Radica Zivkovic Zaric,Katarina Krasic,Valentina Opancina,Nikola Nedovic,Marija Zivkovic Radojevic
Health Care for Women International. 2021; : 1
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160 Solid waste management and health hazards associated with residence around open dumpsites in heterogeneous urban settlements in Southwest Nigeria
Olufemi O. Aluko,Toyin H. Obafemi,Perpetua O. Obiajunwa,Chiagoziem J. Obiajunwa,Oluwafemi A. Obisanya,Oluwatobi H. Odanye,Adeniran O. Odeleye
International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2021; : 1
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161 Validation of a translated Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale: a cross-sectional study
Janita Pak Chun Chau,Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo,Jie Zhao,Kai Chow Choi,Simon Kwun Yu Lam,Ravneet Saran,Jinping Shi,David R. Thompson,Alexander Yuk Lun Lau
Disability and Rehabilitation. 2021; : 1
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162 Advancing visitor research uptake in policy and practice: a structural equation model
Liandi Slabbert,Elizabeth Ann du Preez
Tourism Recreation Research. 2021; : 1
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163 COVID-19 demand-induced scarcity effects on nutrition and environment: investigating mitigation strategies for eggs and wheat flour in the United Kingdom
Hana Trollman,Sandeep Jagtap,Guillermo Garcia-Garcia,Rania Harastani,James Colwill,Frank Trollman
Sustainable Production and Consumption. 2021;
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164 The Prevalence of Pre-Conditioning and Recovery Strategies in Senior Elite and Non-Elite Amateur Boxing
Mitchell James. Finlay,Richard Michael. Page,Matt Greig,Craig Alan. Bridge
The Physician and Sportsmedicine. 2021;
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165 Quality and equality: Verifying “My reading experience” questionnaire for a sustainable literacy education framework
Su Li Chong, Sumathi Renganathan, Dahlia Janan, Jia Wei Lim, L. Fong Woon
SHS Web of Conferences. 2021; 124: 06004
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166 A Stakeholders’ Perspective of Reputation Dimensions for Service Organisations: Evidence from a Developing Country Context
Oyindamola Abiola Ajayi, Tsietsi Mmutle, Mpho Chaka
Corporate Reputation Review. 2021;
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167 Developing a Success Model for Assessing the Impact of Wearable Sensing Devices in the Construction Industry
Ifeanyi Okpala,Chukwuma Nnaji,Ibukun Awolusi,Abiola Akanmu
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2021; 147(7)
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168 Results of a Military Family Medicine Scholarly Activity Training Needs Assessment
Robert P Lennon,David Rabago,Erin Deneke,Xinyu Lu,Christine M Broszko,Olapeju Simoyan,Roselyn W Clemente Fuentes
Military Medicine. 2021;
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169 Examining and measuring sources of stress in a sample of caregivers of children with special needs in Egypt: The Perception of Caregivers Stress Scale
Dalia Bedewy,Marco Tommasi
Cogent Psychology. 2021; 8(1): 1911094
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170 Wearable sensing devices acceptance behavior in construction safety and health: assessing existing models and developing a hybrid conceptual model
Ifeanyi Okpala, Chukwuma Nnaji, Ibukun Awolusi
Construction Innovation . 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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171 Investigating major challenges for industry 4.0 adoption among construction companies
Sevilay Demirkesen, Algan Tezel
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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172 The effectiveness and safety of cariprazine in schizophrenia patients with negative symptoms and insufficient effectiveness of previous antipsychotic therapy: an observational study
Elmars Rancans,Zsófia Borbála Dombi,Péter Mátrai,Ágota Barabássy,Barbara Sebe,Iveta Skrivele,György Németh
International Clinical Psychopharmacology. 2021; 36(3): 154
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173 Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Validity, and Reliability of the Arabic Version of the Self-care of Hypertension Inventory Scale Among Older Adults
Khitam Alsaqer,Hatice Bebis
Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 2021; 36(5): 430
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174 Development and validation of a questionnaire investigating endurance athletes practices to manage gastrointestinal symptoms around exercise
Rachel Scrivin,Ricardo JS Costa,Fiona Pelly,Dana Lis,Gary Slater
Nutrition & Dietetics. 2021;
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175 Leadership, management, quality, and innovation in organ donation: 2019 Kunming recommendations for One Belt & One Road countries
Chloe Ballesté,Aurora Navarro,José Luis Escalante,Arantxa Quiralte,Elisa Vera,Ana França,Danica Avsec,Alan Leitchman,Ricard Valero,Melania Istrate,María Paula Gómez,Minkang Zhou,Estephan Arredondo,Reginaldo Boni,José María Domínguez-Roldán,Hongtao Zhao,Haibo Wang,Miao Pu,Wei Lu,Li Li,Martí Manyalich
Clinical Transplantation. 2021;
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176 Examining the effect of functional diversity on organizational team innovation
Gladys Esinu Abiew, Eugene Okyere-Kwakye, Florence Yaa Akyia Ellis
International Journal of Innovation Science. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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177 Adoption of mobile banking at the bottom of the pyramid: an emerging market perspective
Sonal Purohit, Rakhi Arora
International Journal of Emerging Markets. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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178 BIM divide: an international comparative analysis of perceived barriers to implementation of BIM in the construction industry
Abdullahi Babatunde Saka, Daniel W.M. Chan
Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology . 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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179 Egyptian small and medium sized enterprises’ battle against COVID-19 pandemic: March – July 2020
Zeinab Abbas Zaazou, Doaa Salman Abdou
Journal of Humanities and Applied Social Sciences. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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180 The role of human environment in making a workplace congenial: a case of university libraries
Qurat Ul Ain Saleem, Kanwal Ameen
Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication. 2021; 70(8/9): 714
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181 Underlying factors for successful project management to construct sustainable built assets
Marios Stanitsas, Konstantinos Kirytopoulos
Built Environment Project and Asset Management. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
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182 Nursesæ perspectives on alternative communication strategies use in critical care units
Ensa Johnson,Tanya Heyns,Stefan Nilsson
Nursing in Critical Care. 2021;
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183 Comparison of lecture and manipulative teaching methods on learning and application to practice
Janet A. LoVerde,Cindy Kerber,Teresa Kisch,Blanca Miller,Sheryl Jenkins,Michele Shropshire
Nursing Forum. 2021;
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184 Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Body Understanding Measure for Pregnancy scale (BUMPs)
Duygu Gulec Satir,Seda Hazar
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2021;
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185 Psychometric Properties of Student Evaluation of Teachers’ Performance Scale: Evidence from Debre Markos University Students’ Evaluation Dataset
Muluye Getie Ayaneh,Askalemariam Adamu Dessie,Dimetros Molla Fetene,Elina Kuusisto
Education Research International. 2021; 2021: 1
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186 Occupational Therapy Services in School-Based Practice: A Pediatric Occupational Therapy Perspective from Ireland
Carol O’Donoghue,Jennifer O’Leary,Helen Lynch,Marco Tofani
Occupational Therapy International. 2021; 2021: 1
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187 Measuring Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy: A Comprehensive Scale
Neha Taneja Chawla,Hitesh Bhatia
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies. 2021; 7(2): 194
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188 Health information technology foresight for Iran: A Delphi study of experts’ views to inform future policymaking
Morteza Hemmat,Haleh Ayatollahi,Mohammadreza Maleki,Fatemeh Saghafi
Health Information Management Journal. 2021; 50(1-2): 76
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189 School Self-Evaluation and the Nature of Support System for Basic Schools in Ghana
Joseph E. Cobbinah, Emma Sarah Eshun
SAGE Open. 2021; 11(2): 2158244021
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190 Reliability and Validity of the Adapted Turkish “Students’ Attitudes Towards Addressing Sexual Health Questionnaire” (SA-SH-TR)
Nuray Turan, Yeliz Çulha, Gülsün Özdemir Aydin, Hatice Kaya
SAGE Open. 2021; 11(1): 2158244021
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191 Psychometric Properties of a New Scale Measuring Neglect and Abuse of Older Adults in the Community: Implications for Social Activity
Nestor Asiamah,Kyriakos Kouveliotis,Richard Eduafo,Richard Borkey
International Quarterly of Community Health Education. 2021; 41(2): 163
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192 Translation and cultural adaptation of the Sensory Profile 2 to the Persian language
Marjan Shahbazi, Navid Mirzakhany, Mehdi Alizadeh Zarei, Farid Zayeri, Aliyeh Daryabor
British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2021; : 0308022621
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193 Workplace silence behavior and its consequences on nurses: A new Egyptian validation scale of nursing motives
Nagah Abd El-Fattah Mohamed Aly, Safaa M El-Shanawany, Maha Ghanem
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194 Sprint development practices in elite football code athletes
Ben Nicholson, Alex Dinsdale, Ben Jones, Omar Heyward, Kevin Till
International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2021; : 1747954121
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195 Development and assessment of the psychometric properties of a compassionate care questionnaire for nurses
Banafsheh Tehranineshat, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Camellia Torabizadeh, Mohammad Fararouei, Mark Gillespie
BMC Nursing. 2021; 20(1)
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196 Psychometric evaluation of the 8-item Altarum Consumer Engagement (ACE) Measure™ in community-dwelling adults in Singapore
Lixia Ge, Chun Wei Yap, Palvinder Kaur, Reuben Ong, Bee Hoon Heng
BMC Health Services Research. 2021; 21(1)
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197 Psychosomatic symptoms questionnaire (PSQ-39): a psychometric study among general population of Iranian adults
Zahra Heidari,Awat Feizi,Sara Rezaei,Hamidreza Roohafza,Peyman Adibi
BMC Psychiatry. 2021; 21(1)
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198 Frailty indexed classification of Bangladeshi older adults’ physio-psychosocial health and associated risk factors- a cross-sectional survey study
Mohammad Meshbahur Rahman,Mohammad Hamiduzzaman,Mst. Saleha Akter,Zaki Farhana,Mohammad Kamal Hossain,Mohammad Nayeem Hasan,Md. Nazrul Islam
BMC Geriatrics. 2021; 21(1)
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199 Psychometric validation of the French self and proxy versions of the PedsQL™ 4.0 generic health-related quality of life questionnaire for 8–12 year-old children
Pascal Amedro,Helena Huguet,Valerie Macioce,Raphael Dorka,Annie Auer,Sophie Guillaumont,Pascal Auquier,Hamouda Abassi,Marie-Christine Picot
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200 Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Trunk Impairment Scale in people with a stroke
Jie Zhao,Janita Pak Chun Chau,Yuli Zang,Kai Chow Choi,Rong He,Yali Zhao,Xiaoqi Xiang,Qin Li,David R. Thompson
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201 Ontario adults’ health behaviors, mental health, and overall well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic
Katie J. Shillington,Leigh M. Vanderloo,Shauna M. Burke,Victor Ng,Patricia Tucker,Jennifer D. Irwin
BMC Public Health. 2021; 21(1)
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202 Questionnaire for the assessment of adherence barriers of intravitreal therapy: the ABQ-IVT
Sabrina Müller,Sophia Junker,Thomas Wilke,Albrecht Lommatzsch,Alexander K. Schuster,Hakan Kaymak,Christoph Ehlken,Focke Ziemssen
International Journal of Retina and Vitreous. 2021; 7(1)
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203 Psychometric characteristics of the of COVID Stress Scales-Arabic version (CSS-Arabic) in Egyptian and Saudi university students
Adel S. Abbady,Abdel-Hady El-Gilany,Fathy A. El-Dabee,Adel M. Elsadek,Mahmoud ElWasify,Mohamed Elwasify
Middle East Current Psychiatry. 2021; 28(1)
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204 Quality of information in news media reports about the effects of health interventions: Systematic review and meta-analyses
Matt Oxman,Lillebeth Larun,Giordano Pérez Gaxiola,Dima Alsaid,Anila Qasim,Christopher James Rose,Karin Bischoff,Andrew David Oxman
F1000Research. 2021; 10: 433
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205 Development and testing of a composite index to monitor the continuum of maternal health service delivery at provincial and district level in South Africa
Mamothena Carol Mothupi,Jeroen De Man,Hanani Tabana,Lucia Knight,Yogan Pillay
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(5): e0252182
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206 The expectations and acceptability of a smart nursing home model among Chinese elderly people: A mixed methods study protocol
Yuanyuan Zhao,Shariff-Ghazali Sazlina,Fakhrul Zaman Rokhani,Jing Su,Boon-How Chew,Filomena Papa
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(8): e0255865
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207 Roles and reimbursement of pharmacists as South Africa transitions towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC): An online survey-based study
Vivian Naidoo, Fatima Suleman, Varsha Bangalee, Marc Potenza
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(9): e0257348
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208 The association between competitor level and the physical preparation practices of amateur boxers
Mitchell James Finlay, Richard Michael Page, Matt Greig, Craig Alan Bridge, Emiliano Cè
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(9): e0257907
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209 Validation of the European Drug Addiction Prevention Trial Questionnaire (EU-Dap) for substance use screening and to assess risk and protective factors among early adolescents in Chile
Saray Ramírez, Sofía Gana, María Inés Godoy, Daniela Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya, Jorge Gaete, Zila M. Sanchez
PLOS ONE. 2021; 16(10): e0258288
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210 Different domains of dengue research in the Philippines: A systematic review and meta-analysis of questionnaire-based studies
Rhanye Mac Guad, Rogie Royce Carandang, Judilynn N. Solidum, Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson, Yuan Seng Wu, Yin Nwe Aung, Wah Yun Low, Maw Shin Sim, Shamala Devi Sekaran, Nornazirah Azizan, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
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211 Creation and validation of a Vietnamese version of the Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale
Thuy Ly Nguyen,Lourdes Symphorien Clemenceau Annoussamy,Eric L Krakauer
International Journal of Palliative Nursing. 2021; 27(3): 147
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212 Patient Questionnaires in Orthodontics
Sophy Barber,Andrew Shelton
Orthodontic Update. 2021; 14(1): 14
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213 Assessing Frailty with the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI): A Review of Reliability and Validity
Robbert J Gobbens,Izabella Uchmanowicz
Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2021; Volume 16: 863
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214 Indonesian Self-Risk Assessment for Cervical Cancer (SiNara): Instrument Development and Validation
Devita Madiuw,Yanti Hermayanti,Tetti Solehati
Nurse Media Journal of Nursing. 2021; 11(2): 219
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215 Learning mathematical symbolization: conceptual challenges and instructional strategies in secondary schools
Paul Mutodi,Mogege Mosimege
Bolema: Boletim de Educação Matemática. 2021; 35(70): 1180
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216 Identification and Evaluation of Methodologies to Assess the Quality of Mobile Health Apps in High-, Low-, and Middle-Income Countries: Rapid Review
Fionn Woulfe, Kayode Philip Fadahunsi, Simon Smith, Griphin Baxter Chirambo, Emma Larsson, Patrick Henn, Mala Mawkin, John O’ Donoghue
JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2021; 9(10): e28384
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217 Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting Education for Midwives and Nurses as Informed by Women’s Experiences: An Exploratory Sequential Mixed-Method Research Protocol. (Preprint)
Monica Pilar Diaz,Mary Steen,Angela Brown,Julie Fleet,Jan Williams
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218 Translation, Cultural Adaptation and Validation of General Medication Adherence Scale (GMAS) into the Nepalese Language
Rajeev Shrestha,Binaya Sapkota,Asmita Priyadarshini Khatiwada,Sunil Shrestha,Saval Khanal,Bhuvan KC,Vibhu Paudyal
Patient Preference and Adherence. 2021; Volume 15: 1873
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219 Landscape of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Infections in Egypt: Survey and Literature Review
Amani El-Kholy,Hadir A El-Mahallawy,Noha Elsharnouby,Mohamed Abdel Aziz,Ahmed Mohamed Helmy,Ramy Kotb
Infection and Drug Resistance. 2021; Volume 14: 1905
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220 Total Clinical Chemistry Laboratory Errors and Evaluation of the Analytical Quality Control Using Sigma Metric for Routine Clinical Chemistry Tests
Mulugeta Teshome,Abebaw Worede,Daniel Asmelash
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare. 2021; Volume 14: 125
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221 Using Videos in Blended E-Learning for a Structural Steel Design Course
Bilal EL-Ariss,Essam Zaneldin,Waleed Ahmed
Education Sciences. 2021; 11(6): 290
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222 Prospects and Constraints of Sustainable Marketing Mix Development for Poland’s High-Energy Consumer Goods
Tomasz Witold Trojanowski, Pawel Tadeusz Kazibudzki
Energies. 2021; 14(24): 8437
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223 Slaughter Conditions and Slaughtering of Pregnant Cows in Southeast Nigeria: Implications to Meat Quality, Food Safety and Security
Ugochinyere J. Njoga,Emmanuel O. Njoga,Obichukwu C. Nwobi,Festus O. Abonyi,Henry O. Edeh,Festus E. Ajibo,Nichodemus Azor,Abubakar Bello,Anjani K. Upadhyay,Charles Odilichukwu R. Okpala,Malgorzata Korzeniowska,Raquel P. F. Guiné
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224 Psychometric Properties of the Quality of Life Questionnaire - Cervical Cancer 24 (QLQ CX 24)
Radica Zivkovic Zaric,Marija Zivkovic Radojevic,Katarina Krasic,Jasmina Milovanovic,Slobodan Jankovic
Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research. 2021; 0(0)
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225 Post-match Recovery Practices in Professional Football: Design, Validity, and Reliability of a New Questionnaire
Sérgio M. Querido,João Brito,Pedro Figueiredo,Filomena Carnide,João R. Vaz,Sandro R. Freitas
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2021; 3
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226 Road Safety Perception Questionnaire (RSPQ) in Latin America: A Development and Validation Study
Fabricio Esteban Espinoza Molina,Blanca del Valle Arenas Ramirez,Francisco Aparicio Izquierdo,Diana Carolina Zúñiga Ortega
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5): 2433
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227 Different Domains of Dengue Research in Malaysia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Questionnaire-Based Studies
Rhanye Mac Guad,Yuan Seng Wu,Yin Nwe Aung,Shamala Devi Sekaran,André Barretto Bruno Wilke,Wah Yun Low,Maw Shin Sim,Rogie Royce Carandang,Mohammad Saffree Jeffree,Hamed Taherdoost,Caroline Sunggip,Constance Liew Sat Lin,Chandrika Murugaiah,Vetriselvan Subramaniyan,Nornazirah Azizan
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9): 4474
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228 Which Risk Factors Matter More for Psychological Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic? An Application Approach of Gradient Boosting Decision Trees
Yiyi Chen,Ye Liu
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11): 5879
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229 Socio-Economic Inequalities in Access to Drinking Water among Inhabitants of Informal Settlements in South Africa
Marieke J. Oskam, Milena Pavlova, Charles Hongoro, Wim Groot
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19): 10528
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230 Dose Administration Aid Service in Community Pharmacies: Characterization and Impact Assessment
André Vicente, Beatriz Mónico, Mónica Lourenço, Olga Lourenço
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231 The relationship between resilience and organisational control systems in the South African aviation industry
Estie Serfontein,Krishna K. Govender
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management. 2021; 15(0)
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232 Educatoræs Learning Alignment Instrument (ELAI):
Robert D. Vining,Timothy Millard
Journal of Chiropractic Education. 2021; 35(1): 28
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233 Knowledge, attitude, and practices toward COVID-19 of people staying in night shelters during lockdown in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh
Jeevanapriya Pala,GoruKrishna Babu,K Babji
MRIMS Journal of Health Sciences. 2021; 9(2): 61
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234 Evaluating the Evaluator: Towards understanding Feed-back, Feed-up, and Feed-forward of Moroccan Doctorate Supervisors’ Reports
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International Journal of Research in English Education. 2021; 6(4): 91
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235 Preliminary Evidence Supporting a Novel 10-Item Clinical Learning Environment Quick Survey (CLEQS)
Deborah Simpson,Matthew McDiarmid,Tricia La Fratta,Nicole Salvo,Jacob L. Bidwell,Lawrence Moore,David M. Irby
Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 2021; 13(4): 553
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236 Evaluation of pharmaceutical education in the State of Libya: An academic perspective
Mohamd M. Milad,Amal Y. Benkorah
Pharmacy Education. 2021; : 344
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237 Ayurveda studentsæ perception toward online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic
Gaurav Sawarkar,Punam Sawarkar,Vaishali Kuchewar
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238 The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dental healthcare professionals
Aditya Shetty,Raksha Bhat,Preethesh Shetty,MithraN Hegde,U SKrishna Nayak,Neevan D’souza
Journal of International Oral Health. 2020; 12(8): 98
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239 Parents’ attitude towards their children and adolescents affected by leprosy in an endemic district in West Bengal, India
Joydeepa Darlong,Pitchaimani Govindharaj
Leprosy Review. 2020; 91(3): 282
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240 Impact of Rectus Diastasis Repair on Abdominal Strength and Function: A Systematic Review
Jessica Gormley,Andrea Copeland,Haley Augustine,Charlotte Axelrod,Mark McRae
Cureus. 2020;
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241 Content Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of a Questionnaire to Measure Virtual Social Network Addiction Among University Students
Samaneh Torkian,Armita Shahesmaeili,Neda Malekmohammadi,Vahid Khosravi
International Journal of High Risk Behaviors and Addiction. 2020; In Press(In Press)
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242 Psychometric Properties of Persian Version of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5-Research Version (SCID5-RV): A Diagnostic Accuracy Study
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani,Ameneh Setareh Forouzan,Zahra Hooshyari,Imaneh Abasi
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. 2020; In Press(In Press)
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243 The physical impact of long bone fractures on adults in KwaZulu-Natal
Sevani Singaram,Mergan Naidoo
South African Journal of Physiotherapy. 2020; 76(1)
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244 Reliability and validity of the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale in patients with spinal cord injury
Jacques S. De Lange,Jolandi Jacobs,Nadine Meiring,Boitumelo Moroane,Tinei Verster,Steve Olorunju,Mokgadi K. Mashola
South African Journal of Physiotherapy. 2020; 76(1)
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245 Sustainability Indicators in Restaurants: The Development of a Checklist
Dayanne da Costa Maynard,Renata Puppin Zandonadi,Eduardo Yoshio Nakano,Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho
Sustainability. 2020; 12(10): 4076
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246 Providing Sustainable Knowledge for the Young Graduates of Economic and Social Sciences. Case Study: Comparative Analysis of Required Global Competences in Two Romanian Universities
Lavinia Cornelia Butum,Lumini?a Nicolescu,Sergiu Octavian Stan,Andrei Gaitanaru
Sustainability. 2020; 12(13): 5364
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247 Comments on "Reliability and Validity of an Adapted Questionnaire Assessing Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals among Health Care Workers in Bhutan"
Priya Dutta,Varsha Chorsiya
The International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2020; 11(4): 215
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248 Secondary Education Students’ Beliefs about Mathematics and Their Repercussions on Motivation
Vanesa Rojo Robas,José María Madariaga,José Domingo Villarroel
Mathematics. 2020; 8(3): 368
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249 Impact of Accreditation, Services Quality, Green Standards and Product Superiority on Customer Loyalty: A Case of Healthcare Quality in Hospitals of Pakistan
Manzar Abbas Hydari, Muhammad Ali, M Khyzer Bin Dost
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies. 2020; 6(1): 219
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250 Level of Nurses to Patients Communication and Perceived Barriers in Government Hospitals of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia, 2020
Wubneh Moges, Emishaw Solomon, Animaw Worku
Clinical Journal of Nursing Care and Practice. 2020; 4(1): 012
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251 Physical Preparation in Female Rugby Codes: An Investigation of Current Practices
Omar Heyward,Ben Nicholson,Stacey Emmonds,Gregory Roe,Ben Jones
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2020; 2
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252 Development and Validation of a Short Version Sport Orientation Questionnaire for Chinese Adolescents (SOQ-CA)
Jindong Chang,Yali Yi,Naiqing Song
Frontiers in Psychology. 2020; 11
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253 Validation of the Tunisian Social Situation Instrument in the General Pediatric Population
Olfa Rajhi,Soumeyya Halayem,Malek Ghazzai,Amal Taamallah,Mohamed Moussa,Zeineb Salma Abbes,Malek Hajri,Houda Ben Yahia,Maissa Touati,Radhouane Fakhfakh,Asma Bouden
Frontiers in Psychology. 2020; 11
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254 Patient?s Compliance with Oral Antibiotics Treatments at Community Health Centers in Surabaya: A 20-KAO Questionnaire Development
Ilil Maidatuz Zulfa,Widya Handayani
Borneo Journal of Pharmacy. 2020; 3(4): 262
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255 Assessing School Engagement – Adaptation and Validation of “Engagement Versus Disaffection With Learning: Teacher Report” in the Swedish Educational Context
Andrea Ritoša,Henrik Danielsson,Madeleine Sjöman,Lena Almqvist,Mats Granlund
Frontiers in Education. 2020; 5
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Measuring the Patient Experience of Mental Health Care: A Systematic and Critical Review of Patient-Reported Experience Measures

Sara Fernandes,Guillaume Fond,Xavier Y Zendjidjian,Karine Baumstarck,Christophe Lançon,Fabrice Berna,Franck Schurhoff,Bruno Aouizerate,Chantal Henry,Bruno Etain,Ludovic Samalin,Marion Leboyer,Pierre-Michel Llorca,Magali Coldefy,Pascal Auquier,Laurent Boyer
Patient Preference and Adherence. 2020; Volume 14: 2147
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Medication Non-Adherence and Associated Factors Among Diabetic Patients Visiting General Hospitals in the Eastern Zone of Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia

Ephrem Mebrahtu Araya,Haylay Araya Gebrezgabiher,Gebretsadkan Hintsa Tekulu,Niguse Meles Alema,Desalegn Getnet,Hirut Teame Gebru,Betelhem Anteneh Adamu
Patient Preference and Adherence. 2020; Volume 14: 2071
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258 Healthy eating in pregnancy, education for midwives: A pre-post intervention study
Shwikar Othman,Mary Steen,Julie-Anne Fleet,Rasika Jayasekara
European Journal of Midwifery. 2020; 4(May)
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259 Scoring Model in Operational Research on Cultural-Tourism: A Case Study in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Thavamalar Ramamoorty,Noraini Abdullah,Suzelawati Zenian
Pakistan Journal of Geology. 2020; 4(1): 28
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260 Content validation of the Nutritional Attention Assessment Instrument in Primary Health Care
Ana Beatriz PACITO-ALMEIDA,Angélica Barbosa Neres SANTANA,Lia Thieme Oikawa ZANGIROLANI,Maria Angélica Tavares de MEDEIROS
Revista de Nutrição. 2020; 33
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261 Validação de conteúdo de Instrumento de Avaliação da Atenção Nutricional na Atenção Primária à Saúde
Ana Beatriz PACITO-ALMEIDA,Angélica Barbosa Neres SANTANA,Lia Thieme Oikawa ZANGIROLANI,Maria Angélica Tavares de MEDEIROS
Revista de Nutrição. 2020; 33
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Development and Psychometric Validation of a Questionnaire to Evaluate Knowledge and Attitude Towards Medication Error Reporting Among Pharmacists

Ruzmayuddin Mamat,Siti Asarida Awang,Ab Fatah Ab Rahman
Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety. 2020; Volume 12: 95
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263 The development and validation of a measurement instrument to investigate determinants of health care utilisation for low back pain in Ethiopia
Getahun Kebede Beyera,Jane O’Brien,Steven Campbell,Angel Blanch
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(1): e0227801
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264 Managerial capacity among district health managers and its association with district performance: A comparative descriptive study of six districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana
Anne Christine Stender Heerdegen,Moses Aikins,Samuel Amon,Samuel Agyei Agyemang,Kaspar Wyss,Kamal Gholipour
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(1): e0227974
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265 Examination of marketing mix performance in relation to sustainable development of the Poland’s confectionery industry
Pawel Tadeusz Kazibudzki,Tomasz Witold Trojanowski,Isabel Novo-Cortí
PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(10): e0240893
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266 A qualitative exploration of teachers’ perspective on smartphones usage in higher education in developing countries
Shakeel Iqbal,Zeeshan Ahmed Bhatti
International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education. 2020; 17(1)
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267 Transitioning to digital first line intervention – validation of a brief online screener for early identification of a suspected eating disorder: study protocol
Emma Bryant,Jane Miskovic-Wheatley,Stephen Touyz,Ross D. Crosby,Eyza Koreshe,Li Cao,Sarah Maguire
Journal of Eating Disorders. 2020; 8(1)
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268 Development and psychometric assessment of the triage nurses’ professional capability questionnaire in the emergency department
Mostafa Bijani,Mahnaz Rakhshan,Mohammad Fararouei,Camellia Torabizadeh
BMC Nursing. 2020; 19(1)
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269 Improving the validity, relevance and feasibility of the continuum of care framework for maternal health in South Africa: a thematic analysis of experts’ perspectives
Mamothena Carol Mothupi,Lucia Knight,Hanani Tabana
Health Research Policy and Systems. 2020; 18(1)
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270 Psychometric properties of the Persian version of postpartum distress measure scale
Zahra Bakht Shokuhi,Fatemeh Ranjbar,Sevil Hakimi,Rogayeh Bahri,Saeideh Ghaffarifar
BMC Psychiatry. 2020; 20(1)
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271 The anti-clot treatment scale (ACTS): validation of the translated Arabic version among patients undergoing warfarin therapy in Saudi Arabia
Sireen Abdul Rahim Shilbayeh,Alnada Abdalla Ibrahim
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2020; 18(1)
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272 The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire-Revised (MQOL-R). Psychometric properties and validation of a Brazilian version on palliative care patients: a cross-sectional study
Paul Vicuña Serrano,Gerardo Beltran Serrano,Iraci L. S. Torres,Roberta Rossi Graudner,Wolnei Caumo
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2020; 18(1)
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273 Development and validation of a diverticular clinical score for symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease after acute diverticulitis in a prospective patient cohort
Adi Lahat, Herma H Fidder, Shomron Ben-Horin
Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. 2020; 13: 1756284820
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274 Multisite Culinary Medicine Curriculum Is Associated With Cardioprotective Dietary Patterns and Lifestyle Medicine Competencies Among Medical Trainees
Alexander C. Razavi,Dominique J. Monlezun,Alexander Sapin,Zachary Stauber,Kara Schradle,Emily Schlag,Amber Dyer,Brennan Gagen,Isabella G. McCormack,Ofure Akhiwu,Leah Sarris,Kerri Dotson,Timothy S. Harlan
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2020; 14(2): 225
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275 Protocol of a multicentric prospective cohort study for the VALIDation of the IBD-disk instrument for assessing disability in inflammatory bowel diseases: the VALIDate study
C. Le Berre,A. Bourreille,M. Flamant,G. Bouguen,L. Siproudhis,M. Dewitte,N. Dib,E. Cesbron-Metivier,T. Goronflot,M. Hanf,P.-A. Gourraud,E. Kerdreux,A. Poinas,C. Trang-Poisson
BMC Gastroenterology. 2020; 20(1)
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276 Validation of a Revised Knowledge Assessment Tool for Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD-KID2)
Angharad Vernon-Roberts, Anthony Otley, Chris Frampton, Richard B. Gearry, Andrew S. Day
Inflammatory Intestinal Diseases. 2020; 5(2): 70
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277 The Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale among Dental Outpatients
Mika Ogawa,Teppei Sago,Hirokazu Furukawa
The Scientific World Journal. 2020; 2020: 1
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278 What do women know before getting pregnant? Knowledge of preconception care and associated factors among pregnant women in Mana district, Southwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study
Firanbon Teshome,Yohannes Kebede,Fira Abamecha,Zewdie Birhanu
BMJ Open. 2020; 10(7): e035937
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279 The transcultural adaptation and the validity and reliability of the Turkish Version of Perrocaæs Patient Classification Instrument
Guzin Ayan,Emine Türkmen
Journal of Nursing Management. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
280 The Reported Edmonton Frail Scale-Thai version: Development and Validation of a Culturally-Sensitive Instrument
Inthira Roopsawang,Hilaire Thompson,Oleg Zaslavsky,Basia Belza
Nursing & Health Sciences. 2020; 22(3): 685
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
281 A tool to assess the quality perception of healthcare employees
Ajayan Kamalasanan,Gurumoorthy Sathiyamurthi,Arun Vijay Subbarayalu
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance. 2020; 33(4/5): 291
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282 Challenges and enablers of the embedded researcher model
Dominiek Coates,Sharon Mickan
Journal of Health Organization and Management. 2020; 34(7): 743
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
283 Establishing basic requirements for textile and garment mass production units in the Tanzanian context
Ismail W.R. Taifa,Gervaz G. Lushaju
Research Journal of Textile and Apparel. 2020; 24(4): 321
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
284 An evaluation of online students’ persistence intentions
Asifa Ilyas,Muhammad Kashif Zaman
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal. 2020; 15(2): 207
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
285 VALIDation of the IBD-Disk Instrument for Assessing Disability in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in a French Cohort: The VALIDate Study
Catherine Le Berre, Mathurin Flamant, Guillaume Bouguen, Laurent Siproudhis, Marie Dewitte, Nina Dib, Elodie Cesbron-Metivier, Thomas Goronflot, Matthieu Hanf, Pierre-Antoine Gourraud, Elise Kerdreux, Alexandra Poinas, Arnaud Bourreille, Caroline Trang-Poisson
Journal of Crohn's and Colitis. 2020; 14(11): 1512
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
286 Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Version of Multiple Sclerosis Self-Management Scale
Öznur Erbay,Öznur Usta Yesilbalkan,Nur Yüceyar,Meltem Baklan,Ayfer Karadakovan,Mustafa Agah Tekindal
Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. 2020; 52(3): 122
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
287 Guiding towards register awareness in an undergraduate EFL curriculum in Italy
Register Studies. 2020;
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288 Application of FAHP–PROMETHEE Hybrid Model for Prioritizing SMEs Failure Factors
Nenad Nikolic,Djordje Nikolic,Sanja Marinkovic,Ivan Mihajlovic
Engineering Management Journal. 2020; : 1
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289 Developing interprofessional collaboration between clinicians, interpreters, and translators in healthcare settings: outcomes from face-to-face training
Claire Xiaochi Zhang,Emma Crawford,Jeanne Marshall,Anne Bernard,Katie Walker-Smith
Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2020; : 1
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290 Opioid prescription practice behavior among medical and surgical specialty physicians
Uzung Yoon,Tho Nguyen,Marc C. Torjman,Daniella Miele,Ellen Hauck,Michael Williams
Journal of Substance Use. 2020; : 1
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291 The Adoption of Online Product Information: Cognitive and Affective Evaluations
Tsan-Ching Kang,Shin-Yuan Hung,Albert H. Huang
Journal of Internet Commerce. 2020; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
292 Developing Verb Picture Naming Test for Persian adults and determining its psychometric properties
Maryam Namdar Khatibani,Azar Mehri,Shohreh Jalaie,Mahdi Dastjerdi Kazemi
Applied Neuropsychology: Adult. 2020; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
293 Evaluation of Service Quality of Public Transportation (Study Case of Trans Padang)
Carmel M. Henmaidi,Carmel M. Jonrinaldi,Hilmi Yenny
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020; 1003: 012030
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
294 Development of assesment instruments to measure quality of MOOC-Platform in engineering mathematics 1 course
I Yuniwati,A D Yustita,S A Hardiyanti,I W Suardinata
Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020; 1567: 022102
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
295 Design Of Instrument Explosive Power Leg Muscles Sensor Based
Nurul Ihsan,Nurul Bafirman,Asep Sujana,Anton Yus Permana
Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2020; 1594: 012038
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
296 Enhancing community pharmacists’ provision of medication adherence support to older adults: A mixed methods study using the Theoretical Domains Framework
Deborah E. Patton,Cristín Ryan,Carmel M. Hughes
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 2020;
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297 Examining human attitudes toward shared mobility options and autonomous vehicles
Alireza Rahimi,Ghazaleh Azimi,Xia Jin
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2020; 72: 133
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
298 Development and Validation of Scale using Rasch Analysis to Measure Students’ Entrepreneurship Readiness to Learn Embedded System Design Course
Intisar Ibrahim Ridwan,Kamilah Radin Salim,Zulkifli Adam,Izzeldin I. Mohd,Nazar El Fadil
Procedia Computer Science. 2020; 172: 545
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
299 Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Hong Kong-Chinese version of Childrenæs Voice Handicap Index-10 for Parents (CVHI-10-P(HK))
Elaine Kwong
Journal of Voice. 2020;
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300 Towards a Unified Criteria Model for Usability Evaluation in the Context of Open Source Software Based on a Fuzzy Delphi Method
Kareem A. Dawood,Khaironi Y. Sharif,ABDUL A. GHANI,H. Zulzalil,A.A. Zaidan,B.B. Zaidan
Information and Software Technology. 2020; : 106453
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301 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Hospital Nurse Interpersonal Empathy Questionnaire
Mina Montazeri,Zahra Tagharrobi,Zahra Sooki,Khadijeh Sharifi
International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
302 Developing a questionnaire to measure psychological disturbance associated with tooth loss
Zaki Kudsi,Michael R Fenlon,Kirsty Hill,Aylin Baysan
Journal of Dentistry. 2020; : 103353
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
303 Assessment instruments for lower urinary tract dysfunction in children: Symptoms, characteristics and psychometric properties
Jabiael Carneiro da Silva Filho,Isabel Cristina Ramos Vieira Santos,Marília Perrelli Valença,Jéssica Emanuela Mendes Morato,Sérgio Ricardo Ferreira dos Santos Filho,Angela Lessa de Andrade
Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2020;
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304 Évaluation dæun dispositif de continuité pédagogique à distance mis en place auprès d’étudiants MERM pendant le confinement sanitaire lié au COVID-19
Claudine Zorn,Marie-Laurence Feffer,Éric Bauer,Jean-Philippe Dillenseger
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
305 Developing a readiness self-assessment tool for low- and middle-income countries establishing new radiotherapy services: A participant validation study
Andrew Donkor,Tim Luckett,Sanchia Aranda,Verna Vanderpuye,Jane Phillips
Physica Medica. 2020; 71: 88
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
306 Ability of the Bristol Impact of Hypermobility questionnaire to discriminate between people with and without Joint Hypermobility Syndrome: a known-group validity study
Shea Palmer,Samuel Macconnell,Alison Willmore
Musculoskeletal Care. 2020;
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307 Asynchronously Embedding Psychological Test Questions into Human–Robot Conversations for User Profiling
Tsung-Ren Huang,Yu-Wei Liu,Shin-Min Hsu,Joshua O. S. Goh,Yu-Ling Chang,Su-Ling Yeh,Li-Chen Fu
International Journal of Social Robotics. 2020;
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308 A two models modification for determining cloud computing adoption for web-based services in academic libraries in Nigeria
Adeyinka Tella,Scholastica Chizoma Ukwoma,Isaiah Kayode Adeniyi
The Journal of Academic Librarianship. 2020; 46(6): 102255
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
309 Measuring patient experience in the emergency department: A scoping review
Yemisi Okikiade Oyegbile,Petra Brysiewicz
African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
310 Community pharmacists’ knowledge of and attitudes toward antibiotic use, resistance, and self-medication in Jordan
Derar H. Abdel-Qader,Abdullah Albassam,Najlaa Saadi Ismael,Asma’ A. El-Shara’,Ahmad Z. Al Meslamani,Penny J. Lewis,Salim Hamadi,Osama Mohamed Ibrahim,Nadia Al Mazrouei
Drugs & Therapy Perspectives. 2020;
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311 Self-System Mediates the Effect of Physical Activity on Students’ Anxiety: A study from Canada
Sumaira Kayani,Jin Wang,Saima Kayani,Tayyaba Kiyani,Zhi Qiao,Xuefang Zou,Muhammad Imran
The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher. 2020;
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312 A Hybrid Method for the Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Self-Report Measures
Atul Kumar Goyal,Jaimanti Bakshi,Naresh K Panda,Rakesh Kapoor,Dharam Vir,Krishan Kumar,Pankaj Aneja,Balwinder Singh,Meenu Gupta,Sumittar Singh Walia
International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology. 2020;
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313 Investigating the use of no-dig technologies for underground utilities in developing countries
Essam Zaneldin,Omar Al Khatib,Waleed Ahmed
Innovative Infrastructure Solutions. 2020; 5(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
314 Measurement properties of preference-based measures for economic evaluation in COPD: a systematic review
Ava Mehdipour,Marla K. Beauchamp,Joshua Wald,Nicole Peters,Ayse Kuspinar
Quality of Life Research. 2020;
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315 Development of the Childhood Nonverbal Communication Scale
Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
316 Knowledge and Beliefs of Jordanian Community Toward E-cigarettes: A National Survey
Derar H. Abdel-Qader,Ahmad Z. Al Meslamani
Journal of Community Health. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
317 Intraarticular injection of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells enhances regeneration in knee osteoarthritis
Emily Claire Doyle,Nicholas Martin Wragg,Samantha Louise Wilson
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
318 Deep gluteal syndrome is defined as a non-discogenic sciatic nerve disorder with entrapment in the deep gluteal space: a systematic review
Kazuha Kizaki,Soshi Uchida,Ajaykumar Shanmugaraj,Camila Catherine Aquino,Andrew Duong,Nicole Simunovic,Hal David Martin,Olufemi R. Ayeni
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2020;
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319 Development and initial psychometric testing of a body-image domain within an electronic pelvic floor questionnaire (ePAQ-pelvic floor)
Kaia Scurr,Thomas G. Gray,Georgina L. Jones,Stephen C. Radley
International Urogynecology Journal. 2020;
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320 Flipped jigsaw activity as a small group peer-assisted teaching learning tool in Biochemistry Department among Indian Medical Graduate: An experimental study
Vibha Uppal,Neha Uppal
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education. 2020;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
321 A cross-cultural clustering study of similarities and dissimilarities based on concept words cheap, reliable, and high quality and their corresponding color associations
Ahsan Abdullah
Color Research & Application. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
322 Gastrointestinal Dysfunction in Critical Illness: A Review of Scoring Tools
Varsha M. Asrani,Annabelle Brown,Wei Huang,Ian Bissett,John A. Windsor
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
323 An assessment of the replicability of a standard and modified sanitary risk protocol for groundwater sources in Greater Accra
W. Yentumi,M. Dzodzomenyo,K. Sashie-Doe,J. Wright
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2019; 191(2)
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324 Development and clinimetric properties of the Dutch Breast Edema Questionnaire (BrEQ-Dutch version) to diagnose the presence of breast edema in breast cancer patients
Hanne Verbelen,Tessa De Vrieze,Timia Van Soom,Jill Meirte,Mireille Van Goethem,Godelieve Hufkens,Wiebren Tjalma,Nick Gebruers
Quality of Life Research. 2019;
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325 An Assessment of Inter-Observer Agreement in Water Source Classification and Sanitary Risk Observations
Joseph Okotto-Okotto,Peggy Wanza,Emmah Kwoba,Weiyu Yu,Mawuli Dzodzomenyo,S. M. Thumbi,Diogo Gomes da Silva,Jim A. Wright
Exposure and Health. 2019;
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326 Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the 10-Item Conjoint Community Resiliency Assessment Measurement in a Community-Based Sample in Southwest China
Ke Cui,Ziqiang Han
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. 2019;
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327 Superior long term functional and scar outcome of Meek micrografting compared to conventional split thickness skin grafting in the management of burns
Shi Zhen Lee,Ahmad Sukari Halim
Burns. 2019;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
328 Validation of Knowledge Questionnaire for Patients With Liver Cirrhosis
Jeyamani Ramachandran,Richard Woodman,Kate Muller,Rachel Wundke,Rosemary McCormick,Billingsley Kaambwa,Alan Wigg
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2019;
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329 Demand side management opportunities, framework, and implications for sustainable development in resource-rich countries: Case study Qatar
Ebubekir S. Sahin,I. Safak Bayram,Muammer Koc
Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019; : 118332
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
330 Construct validity of six sentiment analysis methods in the text of encounter notes of patients with critical illness
Gary E. Weissman,Lyle H. Ungar,Michael O. Harhay,Katherine R. Courtright,Scott D. Halpern
Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 2019; 89: 114
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331 Marine litter and public involvement in beach cleaning: Disentangling perception and awareness among adults and children, Bay of Biscay, Spain
Fernando Rayon-Viña,Laura Miralles,Sara Fernandez-Rodríguez,Eduardo Dopico,Eva Garcia-Vazquez
Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019; 141: 112
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332 Multiple sclerosis national registry system in Iran: Validity and reliability of a minimum data set
Sarvenaz Shahin,Sharareh Eskandarieh,Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi,Nazanin Razazian,Seyed Mohammad Baghbanian,Fereshteh Ashtari,Asghar bayati,Ali Manouchehrinia,Omid Beiki,Farnam Mohebi,Mahdieh Mokhber Dezfuli,Mohammad Ali Sahraian
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 2019; 33: 158
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333 Validity and reliability of the Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire (HDFQ): a Rasch measurement model approach
Lemye Zehirlioglu,Hatice Mert
Primary Care Diabetes. 2019;
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334 Measuring coastal citiesæ resilience toward coastal hazards: Instrument development and validation
Rina Suryani Oktari,Louise K. Comfort,Louise K. Syamsidik,Putra Dwitama
Progress in Disaster Science. 2019; : 100057
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335 The embedded researcher model in Australian healthcare settings: Comparison by degree of ‘embeddedness’
Dominiek Coates,Sharon Mickan
Translational Research. 2019;
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336 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Perceived Social Stigma Questionnaire (PSSQ-for adults with epilepsy): A mixed method study
Abbas Shamsalinia,Reza Masoudi,Reza Ebrahimi Rad,Fatemeh Ghaffari
Epilepsy & Behavior. 2019; 96: 141
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337 Midwifery Student Evaluation of Practice: The MidSTEP tool — Perceptions of clinical learning experiences
Marnie Griffiths,Jennifer Fenwick,Jenny Gamble,Debra K. Creedy
Women and Birth. 2019;
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338 Risk factors influencing the building projects in Pakistan: from perspective of contractors, clients and consultants
Asad Kamal,Muhammad Abas,Dildar Khan,Rai Waqas Azfar
International Journal of Construction Management. 2019; : 1
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339 Knowledge, skills and functionalities requirements for quantity surveyors in building information modelling (BIM) work environment: an international Delphi study
Abdullahi Babatunde Saka,Daniel W.M. Chan
Architectural Engineering and Design Management. 2019; : 1
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340 Social Determinants of Health Assessment Tool: Implications for Healthcare Practice
Suzy Barcelos Winchester
Social Work in Public Health. 2019; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
341 Associating of mother’s health literacy with sunlight protective behaviors of teenage children: application of social cognitive theory
Nooshin Peyman,Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany,Mahnaz Nasehnezhad,Hassan Doosti,Christophe Chesneau,Gordon Ferns
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 2019; : 1
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342 Psychometrics of the students´ attitudes towards addressing sexual health scale for students in social work
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson,Michael Sjökvist,Pia H. Bülow,Bo Rolander
Social Work Education. 2019; : 1
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343 Behavioural threshold analysis: methodological and practical considerations for applications in information security
Dirk Snyman,Hennie Kruger
Behaviour & Information Technology. 2019; : 1
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344 Nutritional Screening Tools Used and Validated for Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review
Nélia Pinheiro Mendes,Thalita Alves de Barros,Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa,Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
Nutrition and Cancer. 2019; : 1
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345 Exploring Engineering Undergraduate Students’ Attitudes toward Mathematical Problem Posing
Mahboubeh Nedaei,Farzad Radmehr,Michael Drake
Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. 2019; 145(4): 04019009
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
346 Hearing in Real-Life Environments (HERE)
Antje Heinrich,Tuija M. Mikkola,Hannele Polku,Timo Törmäkangas,Anne Viljanen
Ear and Hearing. 2019; 40(2): 368
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347 Social determinants of health in mental health care and research: a case for greater inclusion
Joseph J Deferio,Scott Breitinger,Dhruv Khullar,Amit Sheth,Jyotishman Pathak
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2019;
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348 Development and Validation of a 49-Item Sports Nutrition Knowledge Instrument (49-SNKI) for Adult Athletes
Christine A. Karpinski,Karen Reznik Dolins,Jessica Bachman
Topics in Clinical Nutrition. 2019; 34(3): 174
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
349 An Empirical Study to Investigate the Impact of Communication Issues in GSD in Pakistan’s IT Industry
Ghana Ammad,Uzair Iqbal Janjua,Tahir Mustafa Madni,Muhammad Faisal Cheema,Ahmed R. Shahid
IEEE Access. 2019; 7: 171648
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350 An investigation into the construction industry’s view on fire prevention in high-rise buildings post Grenfell
Iman Farah Mohamed,David John Edwards,Monica Mateo-Garcia,Glenn Costin,Wellington Didibhuku Didibhuku Thwala
International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation. 2019; 38(3): 451
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
351 Blending QR code with video learning in the pedagogical process for the college foundation level
Waleed Ahmed,Essam Zaneldin
Interactive Technology and Smart Education. 2019; 17(1): 67
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
352 An investigation of dental students’ perceptions about the characteristics of effective instructors and their related factors
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir,Asim Al-Ansari,Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
European Journal of Dental Education. 2019;
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353 Assessment of long-term sickness absence: content and face validity of a new questionnaire based on qualitative data from nominal groups
Kaat Goorts,Charlotte Vanovenberghe,Charlotte Lambreghts,Eline Bruneel,Dorina Rusu,Sofie Vandenbroeck,Lode Godderis
BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2019; 19(1)
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354 Video-based e-learning for an undergraduate engineering course
Essam Zaneldin,Waleed Ahmed,Bilal El-Ariss
E-Learning and Digital Media. 2019; 16(6): 475
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355 Animal- and human-derived products in otolaryngology, counselling and consent: A survey study
Hassan Mohammed,Kate Blackmore
Clinical Ethics. 2019; 14(3): 132
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
356 Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand
Maxine Te,Felicity Blackstock,Caroline Fryer,Peter Gardner,Louise Geary,Suzanne Kuys,Kerstin McPherson,Irmina Nahon,Clarice Tang,Lynne Taylor,Gisela Van Kessel,Kelly van der Zwan,Lucy Chipchase
BMC Medical Education. 2019; 19(1)
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357 The measurement scale of resilience among family caregivers of children with cancer: a psychometric evaluation
Filiberto Toledano-Toledano,José Moral de la Rubia,Yunier Broche-Pérez,Miriam Teresa Domínguez-Guedea,Víctor Granados-García
BMC Public Health. 2019; 19(1)
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358 Psychometric properties of the scale for non-adherence to antiretroviral medication (NAME) among HIV-infected patients
Zahra Hosseini,Hassan Eftkhar,Teamur Aghamolaei,Abbas Ebadi,Saharnaz Nedjat,Ladan Abbasian,Minasadat hashemi parast
Archives of Public Health. 2019; 77(1)
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359 Screening tools for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders among adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review
Patrick N. Mwangala,Charles R. Newton,Melanie Abas,Amina Abubakar
AAS Open Research. 2019; 1: 28
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360 Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess the doctors and nurses knowledge of acute oxygen therapy
Olufemi O. Desalu,Adeniyi O. Aladesanmi,Olutobi B. Ojuawo,Christopher M. Opeyemi,Rasheedah M. Ibraheem,Zakari A. Suleiman,Olanrewaju O. Oyedepo,Kikelomo T. Adesina,Taofeek Oloyede,Emmanuel O. Sanya,Vineet Gupta
PLOS ONE. 2019; 14(2): e0211198
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361 Development and validation of the QUECOMIICAT questionnaire: a tool to assess disease-related knowledge in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Francesc Casellas,Ester Navarro,Paloma Amil,Claudia Barber,Laura Marín,Jordi Guardiola,Eloy Espín,Empar Sainz,Xavier Aldeguer,Marta Gallego,Francsica Murciano,Esther García-Planella,Javier Martín-de-Carpi,Juan Manuel Mendive,Assumpció González-Mestre
Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas. 2019; 111
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362 Reliability and Validity Test of the Indonesian Version of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) to Measure Work-related Stress in Nursing
Iwan Muhamad Ramdan
Jurnal Ners. 2019; 14(1): 33
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Maria Elena Echevarría-Guanilo,Natália Gonçalves,Priscila Juceli Romanoski
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem. 2019; 28
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364 Validation of Modified Dental Anxiety Scale for Dental Extraction Procedure (MDAS-DEP)
Tantry Maulina,Salma Nadiyah Ridho,Farah Asnely Putri
The Open Dentistry Journal. 2019; 13(1): 358
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365 Food Trucks: Assessment of an Evaluation Instrument Designed for the Prevention of Foodborne Diseases
Lígia Isoni Auad,Verônica Cortez Ginani,Eliana dos Santos Leandro,Elke Stedefeldt,Sascha Habu,Eduardo Yoshio Nakano,Aline Costa Santos Nunes,Renata Puppin Zandonadi
Nutrients. 2019; 11(2): 430
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366 Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) into the Malay Language
Ahmad Badruridzwanullah Zun,Mohd Ismail Ibrahim,Ariffin Marzuki Mokhtar,Ahmad Sukari Halim,Wan Nor Arifin Wan Mansor
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11): 2054
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367 Development and Validation of the Immune Status Questionnaire (ISQ)
Livia J. F. Wilod Versprille,Aurora J. A. E. van de Loo,Marlou Mackus,Lizanne Arnoldy,Titia A. L. Sulzer,Sterre A. Vermeulen,Smedra Abdulahad,Hendrikje Huls,Ton Baars,Andrew Scholey,Aletta D. Kraneveld,Johan Garssen,Joris C. Verster
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(23): 4743
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