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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 108-114

Comparative analysis of caesarean delivery among out-of-pocket and health insurance clients in Ilorin, Nigeria

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital; Anchormed Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abiodun S Adeniran
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_181_19

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Background: Although out-of-pocket (OOP) payment for health services is common, information on the experience in maternal health services especially caesarean delivery (CD) is limited. Aim: To compare the pregnancy events and financial transactions for CD among OOP and health-insured clients. Materials and Methods: A comparative (retrospective) study of 200 women who had CD as OOP (100 participants) or health-insured clients (100 participants) over 30 months at Anchormed Hospital, Ilorin, using multistage sampling was conducted. The data were analysed using Chi-square, t-test and regression analysis; P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of 1246 deliveries, 410 (32.9%) had CD; of these, 186 (45.4%) were health-insured and 224 (54.6%) were OOP payers. The health-insured were mostly civil servants (60.0% vs. 40.0%; P = 0.009) of high social class (48.0% vs. 29.0%; P = 0.001). The payment for CD was higher among OOP (P = 0.001), whereas duration from hospital discharge to payment of hospital bill was higher for the health-insured (P = 0.001). On regression, social class (odds ratio [OR]: 0.23, 95% confidence interval [CI]: −0.0891252–0.112799; P = 0.048), amount paid (OR: 48.52, 95% CI: −7.14–6.68; P = 0.001) and duration from discharge to payment (OR: 28.68, 95% CI: 51.7816–70.788; P = 0.001) were statistically significant among participants. The amount paid was lower (P = 0.001), whereas time interval before payment was longer (P = 0.001) for the public-insured compared to private-insured clients. Conclusion: OOP payers are prone to catastrophic spending on health. The waiting time before reimbursement to health-care providers was significantly prolonged; private insurers offered earlier and higher reimbursement compared to public insurers. The referral and transportation of health-insured clients during emergencies is suboptimal and deserve attention.

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