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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 132-135

Overview of paediatric urology practice in lagos state university teaching hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

1 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery; Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abimbola Ayodeji Abolarinwa
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Lagos State University, PMB 21266, Ikeja, Lagos State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_182_19

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Introduction: Paediatric urology is one of the subspecialities of urology, and in most climes, it is practised by the urologists and paediatric surgeons, and likewise in the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH). The urologists see and manage most of these cases in LASUTH. There has been no formal training in this subspeciality. However, both the urologists and paediatric surgeons in LASUTH have acquired some measure of skill and experience over time by virtue of the relatively high volume of the cases seen. This study is aimed at reviewing the practice of paediatric urology in the urology division of LASUTH and to advocate for formal training in an otherwise rare but direly needed subspeciality. Patients and Methods: The ports of entry of paediatric patients with urologic conditions were assessed retrospectively over a 5-year period (2014–2018). The paediatric age range based on the Lagos State Government policy for health care is from birth to 12 years old. The ports of entry included the urologic outpatient department, paediatric and the adult surgical emergency units and the paediatric wards. Patients referred to and managed by the paediatric surgery division were excluded from this study. Results: The total paediatric urology cases seen and managed by the urologist in LASUTH within the period of review were 421. A total of 363 paediatric urology cases were seen during the period under review, making up 7.96% of the urology cases seen at the surgical outpatient department. The most common cases managed were hypospadias, posterior urethral valves and hydronephrosis. A variety of other cases include priapism, circumcision and post-circumcision injuries, urethral prolapse, testicular torsion, cystic renal dysplasia, disorder of sexual differentiation and several others. Three hundred and seven surgical procedures were done in the period of review on 272 (64.6%) patients. Conclusion: There is a need for subspecialisation in paediatric urology to harness more specialists with a specific focus, training and interest in children and their urological conditions.

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