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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 371-376

Transient-evoked otoacoustic emission findings in children (1–12 years) with cerebral palsy in Kano, Nigeria

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital / Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
3 Department of Pediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital / Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
4 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital / Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
5 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University College Hospital / University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yasir Nuhu Jibril
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_240_20

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Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) suffer from multiple problems and potential disabilities. These range from musculoskeletal problems, mental retardation, epilepsy, ophthalmologic and hearing impairment among others. Consequences of hearing loss include problems with speech and language development. Early detection in this difficult-to-test population may prevent these consequences of hearing loss. An otoacoustic emission assessment is useful in this regard. This study assessed transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in children with CP. Materials and Methods: The study population were children with CP who presented at the paediatric neurology clinic during the study period. An equal number of control population matched for age and sex were also recruited using simple random sampling. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain relevant clinical information. All participants selected underwent a detailed ear, nose and throat examination and TEOAE testing. Results: There were 330 participants in this study, categorised into CP cases (165) and non-CP controls (165). The age range of the participants was 1–12 years, with a mean age of 4.44 ± 2.92 among CP patients and 4.47 ± 2.90 among the controls. The male-to-female ratio was 2:1. TEOAEs were 'failed' in 83.6% of the CP patients and in 28.5% of the controls. This study found a statistically significant difference in 'failed' TEOAE result between the CP patients and the controls (P = 0.0001). Conclusion: This study found a high prevalence of 'failed' TEOAEs in children with CP in Kano.

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