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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 384-390

Knowledge and risk perception of e-cigarettes and hookah amongst youths in Lagos State, Nigeria: An exploratory study


1 Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
2 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos; Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Akin Osibogun
Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_261_20

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Introduction: Limited research exists describing young people's knowledge and risk perception of e-cigarettes and hookah in Nigeria. This qualitative study explored the knowledge and risk perception of e-cigarettes and hookah amongst young people in Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: Participants (n = 20), aged 15–24 years who had used e-cigarettes or hookah at least once in the past 12 months, participated in three focus group (FG) discussions in January 2020. Each FG session consisted of 6–7 participants, was facilitated by a trained moderator and lasted approximately 60 min. Sessions were recorded, and notes were taken after informed consent. Recordings were transcribed verbatim and analysed using NVIVO 10 software. Results: An essential element of our findings was that the majority of the participants seemed to be more aware of hookah and used hookah compared to e-cigarettes. The participants mentioned they used these tobacco products mainly to reduce stress, for pleasure and for social acceptance. Most of the study participants reported that they were aware of some adverse health effects associated with e-cigarette or hookah use. Although some participants felt that the use of e-cigarettes or hookah could transform to cigarette smoking, many felt that e-cigarette was a harm reduction tool. Conclusion: Young users of e-cigarettes and hookah continue to use these products though they are aware of some associated adverse health effects. These products are used primarily for relieving stress and for social reasons. Raising awareness of the risks associated with the use of these tobacco products may help to reduce the acceptability of these products amongst youths.


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